The Noble Family of de Fournier.
“Title of Barone (de Pausier) granted to Giorgio Fournier de Pausier (1768) and Title of Conte (Fournier) granted to the same Giorgio Fournier de Pausier (1770), including a description of the origins of the Fournier family of Avignon , France.

 
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The Fournier tradition claims that Jacobo-Guillame de Fournier was a descendant of the French Lords de Fourniers, of whom Jacques Fournier (Pope Benedict XII died 1342) was a member. This family hailed form Avignon, France and enjoyed the title of Comte. Various authentic copies exist of a grant dated December 1429 by King Charles VII of France of a coat of arms and nobility to St. Jeanne d’Arc and her family (given the surname “du Lys”) including the descendants of her brothers Jacquemin, Jean, and Pierre out of gratitude for Joan of Arc’s military victories. This grant allowed for the transmission of noble status through both the male and female lines. This had the practical effect of allowing them to pass their status to all of their descendants.In fact, it is amply recorded that two descendants of Pierre de Lys’s daughter namely Robert Le Fournier (the Baron of Tournebeu) and his nephew Lucas du Chemin (the Lord of Feron), successfully petitioned King Henry II of France in October 1550 for a confirmation of transmission of nobility to them under the terms of the aforesaid patent of nobility dated December 1429.
 
1. Antonio Geronimo Fournier., 2nd (joint) Comte et 23rd (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, Merchant of Trapani, Italy, Settled in Malta as a base to the Mediterranean Sea trade, married 1672 to Maddalena Preziosi-Poussieghes, with issue. 
1.1. Giorgio-Benedict de Fournier, (1672-98) 3rd (joint) Comte et 24th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, Knight of St John, dunm.
1.2. Lazzaro Pietro Paolo Fournier, 3rd (joint) Comte et 24th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married 1705 to Arietta Genevova de Pausier, with issue.
1.2.1. Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, (4th joint Comte et 25th joint Sire de Fournier), 1st Barone “de Pausier”, (Created 1768 in the Austrian Empire), 1st Conte Fournier (Cr:1770 in the Austrian Empire), Giorgio Fournier de Pausier applied for a title and that by letters patent bearing date the 31st March 1768, the title of Barone was conferred by Empress Maria Theresa on Giorgio Fournier de Pausier. The patent issued, at the grantee’s request, runs thus:- Te supradictum Georgium Fournier in numerum, consortium, coetum, ordinem, atque Baronum dignatatem assumimus, teque una cum filiis tuis atque posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris in infinitum, primogeniali ordine semper servato, Baronem ac Barones Regnorum et Provinciarum nostrarum facimus, nominamus atque creamus. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 205-208). Although published sources refer to this title as Barone de Pausier it is clear that that is a misnomer as the title granted was of Barone and not Barone de Pausier.. However, the accepted form is used here so as to distinguish it from other dignities enjoyed by the grantee’s family. At Maltese Law this title of Barone (de Pausier) is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence in Malta only if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. In this case, this title granted to Fournier de Pausier in 1768 was never registered in Malta, nor does it appear to have received direct recognition for the Grand Masters who ruled Malta. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) Unfortunately, the 1878 report is not helpful in indicating whether Empress Maria Theresa granted this title in her German or Italian provinces, or elsewhere, nor does it indicate the place where the title was applied for, or where it was granted. On the other hand, it is helpful in indicating that the 1768 remainder reads posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris in infinitum, primogeniali ordine semper servato . Upon a further reading of the 1878 report, it results that two years later Giorgio Fournier de Pausier received another title of Conte (see footnotes below) where the grantor is described as the same Empress Maria Theresa, and that that title was granted in the Kingdom and Provinces of Germany. This however is not necessarily conclusive proof of the relative jurisdiction as the 1878 Report also describes yet another title granted by the same Empress in the same year 1770 but in the Italian Provinces annexed to the German Empire. Another title, this time one of Conte was conferred upon the said Giorgio Fournier de Pausier by the same Empress Maria Theresa, by a patent given at Vienna on the 29th January 1770. The grant was made to the said Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, in the Kingdom and Provinces of Germany with succession to his children and descendants of the male sex, whether born or to be born from lawful wedlock, according to the order of primogeniture. The following is the operative clause of the patent of creation:- Teque una cum filiis tuis atque posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris, in infinitum, primogeniali ordine servato, Comitem ac Comites Regnorum et Provinciarum nostrarum, facimus, nominamus atque creamus. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 209-215; Suppemental Report Part III; Letter of Hicks-Beach at pages 59-60 of Report). At Maltese Law this title of Conte (Fournier) is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence in Malta only if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. In this case, it appears that the 1770 title granted to Fournier de Pausier was in fact registered in the Cancelleria, and in the High Court of the Castellania. Although published sources refer to this title as Conte Fournier it is clear that that is a misnomer as the title granted was of Conte and not Conte Fournier. However, the accepted form is used here so as to distinguish it from other dignities enjoyed by the grantee’s family. The 1878 Commissioners had difficulty in ascertaining whether the remainder of this 1770 grant, albeit providing for succession by Primogeniture, allowed a male descending from a female descendant of the grantee, to enjoy the title. In fact the 1878 Commissioners never reached a decision about the matter. It appears however that this latter question was resolved by the British Secretary of State. Married 1733 to Aloisea Sant, (The Sister of the First Count Sant), with issue.
 
1.2.1.1. Lazzaro Fournier, (5th joint Comte et 26th Sire de Fournier), 2nd Barone “de Pausier”, 2nd Conte Fournier, It appears that the 1878 Commissioners were slightly confused about Lazzaro Fournier’s identity or even his very existence. In their first report, the commissioners reported: Giorgio Fournier, the person first ennobled, left Lazzaro Sant , who died without any son to whom the title might descend, but leaving only one daughter, Luigia Sant, the present claimant’s mother. Later, in their Supplemental Report, the same Commissioners said thus: The first titled person Giorgio Fournier had no male issue, but left one daughter, Luigia wife of Baldassare Sant, of whom Lazzaro Sant, the present claimant, is the first-born son. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 209-215; Suppemental Report Part III; Letter of Hicks-Beach at pages 59-60 of Report), married to Modesta dei Baroni Gauci-Azopardi di Buleben, with issue.
 
1.2.1.1.1. Luigia Fournier, (died 1858), 3rd Baronessa de Pausier “Contessa Fournier”, As indicated above, the 1768 title granted Giorgio Fournier de Pausier is to follow the order of primogeniture. On the basis of the genealogical chart, the primogenial descendant of Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, the then primogenial descendant was a woman, namely Luigia Fournier wife of Baldassare Sant. As it does not result where the 1768 title was granted, one assumes that there is nothing which prevented an artificial agnation allowing Luigia Fournier and her descendants to enjoy the title of Barone (de Pausier) by order of Primogeniture., married 1811 to Conte Baldassare Sant, 3rd (joint 3rd) Count Sant , with issue.
 
1.2.1.1.2. (illegitmate with Mrs Vianna Hili, the Housekeeper) Loretta de Fournier (Hili), married 1807 Valletta to Vincenzo Zammit., with issue.
1.2.1.1.2.1. Lazzaro Zammit., married 1840 to Louisa Barbaro, with issue.
1.2.1.1.2.1.1. Vincenzo Zammit, (1844-.
1.2.1.1.2.1.1.1. Nathalie Zammit, married 1892 to Edwardo Bertoleoni.
1.2.1.1.2.1.2. Jerome Zammit, (1846-.
1.2.1.1.2.1.3. Antoinette Zammit, (1849-., married 1871 to Giorgio Bertoleoni.
1.2.1.1.2.1.4. Marianna Zammit, (1851-.
1.2.1.1.2.1.5. Vittoria (Tamara) Zammit, (1855-. married 1873 to Carlo Bertoleoni.
1.2.1.1.2.2. Susanna Zammit., married 1839 to Michele Gauci.
1.2.1.1.2.3. Antoinette Zammit., married 1843 to Simone Barbaro.
1.2.1.1.2.4. Georgiana Zammit., dunm.
1.2.1.1.2.5. Vincenzo Zammit., dunm.
1.2.1.1.2.6. Enrico Zammit., dunm.
1.2.1.1.2.7. Luigi Zammit., dunm.
1.2.1.1.2.8. Antonio Zammit., dunm. 
1.2.1.1.2.9. Stefano Zammit., married 1845 to Fiametta Fabre, with issue.
1.2.1.1.2.9.1. Vianna Zammit, (1847-.
1.2.1.1.2.9.2. Anne Zammit, (1849-.
1.2.1.1.2.9.3. Edith Zammit, (1851-.
1.2.1.1.2.10. Caroline Zammit., married 1840 to Stephano Ruffo.
1.2.1.2. Conte Gaetano Fournier, (1738-..), married 1775 Valletta to Clothilde Dorell, with issue.
1.2.1.2.1. Contessa Caterina Fournier.
1.2.1.2.2. Contessa Margherita Fournier.
1.2.1.2.3. (illegitimate with Maria Santo Chierico, wife of Salvatore Brignone) Aloisio Brignone, married 1804 Valletta to Antonia Pagani, with issue 
1.2.1.2.3.1. Sig. Gaetano Brignone, (1806 – 1885), married 1824 to Sylvia Gatt, with issue.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1. Charlotte Brignone, married 1859 Southampton, England to Lieut. Edward Somerville (of the Somerville Baronets of England), R.M.A, with issue.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1. Rose-Marie Somerville-Brignone, married 1881 Northampton, England to Capt Andrew Ross, R.N, with issue 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1. Capt. Charles Ross-Brignone R.N, (1889-1955), married 1943 Northampton, England to Amelia Harper Steward, with issue 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1. Anne Marie Ross, (1945-, married 1972 Northampton, England, to Hon Edward Stephen Scott-Ellis, LLB, with issue 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1. Dr. Thomas Stephen Brignone Scott-Ellis, M.A, Ph.D., (1975- Sydney, married 2003 Sydney, Australia, to Miss Belinda Vassallo, LL.B (Macq)., with issue. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1. Gavin Harper Scott-Ellis, (2004- Sydney. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.2. Patrick Ross Scott-Ellis, (2006- Sydney.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.3. Tamara Vassallo Scott-Ellis, (2009 Sydney -.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.4. Atticus Scott-Ellis, (2014 Sydney -.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.2. Christian Sommerville Scott-Ellis, L.L.B, (1977- ., married 2009 Sydney to Georgiana Jackson LLB, with issue.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.2.1. Daniela Jackson Scott-Ellis, (2012 Sydney -.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.2.2. Amelia Brignone Scott-Ellis, (2017 Sydney -.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.3. Stephen Andrew Steward Scott-Ellis, LLB, LLM, (1981 Sydney -., married 2012 Sardinia (Under Spanish Law) to Gavin Benjamin Henschke, B.Com, MA, CPA.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.1.2. Andrew Ross Brignone, (1949 -2022), dunm.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.2. Eliza Ross. (1883-1923), dunm. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.3. Victoria Ross. (1886-1943), dunm. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4. Edward Ross. (1891-1975) R.N. , moved to Wellington, New Zealand in 1910. Married 1909 to Fanny Fairfax, with issue. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.1. Andrew Ross, (1912-43), died at Egypt during WW11. dunm. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.2. Charles Ross, (1913-69), married 1945 Wellington, New Zealand to Rose Marie Clarke, with issue. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.2.1. Andrew Ross-Clarke, (1946-74) killed in a motor accident in N.Z, married 1971 at Wellington NZ to Mary Thompson, with issue. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.2.1.1. Charles Ross-Clarke LL.B, (1973-, married 2000 at Wellington NZ to Stacey Allard, with issue. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1. Andrew IV Ross-Clarke, (2002-. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.2. Rochelle Ross-Clarke, (2005-.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.3. Andrew Ross, (Priest), (1916-2001), dunm.
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.4. Rose-Marie Ross, (1915-, married 1946 at Wellington, NZ to Jack Stanley, with issue. 
1.2.1.2.3.1.1.1.4.5. Fanny-Marie Ross, (1919-96), married 1948 at Wellington NZ to Nicholas Simpson of Fiji Islands, with issue.
1.2.1.2.4. (illegitimate) Costanza de Fournier, married 1788 to Gio Batta Gonzi.
1.2.1.3. Contessa Diane Fournier, (1736-..), married 1772 to Don Alessandro de Platamone, Noble of Licata, Governor of Licata, with issue.
1.2.1.3.1. Donna Flora de Platamone, married 1801 to Don. Angelo Pileri., with issue. 
1.2.1.3.1.1. Donna Alessandra Pileri, (1803-56), ‘Nun’, dunm. 
1.2.1.3.1.2. Don Giorgio Pileri, (1805-67)., married 1845 to Georgina dei Conti Preziosi., with issue. 
1.2.1.3.1.2.1. Don Angelo Pileri, (1846-)., dunm. 
1.2.1.3.1.2.2. Donna Christina Pileri, (1848-)., dunm. 
1.2.1.3.1.2.3. Donna Angela Maria Pileri, (1850-), married 1867 to Thomas Bonici.
1.2.1.3.1.2.4. Donna Ursula Pileri, (1852-)., married to Thomas Fontani.
1.2.1.4. Contessa Annuzationa Fournier, (1733-86), married 1776 to Gaetano Hefner.
1.2.1.5. Conte Fra. Peppino Fournier, (1741-87). Knight of the Order of St John
1.2.1.6. Contessa Franca Fournier, (1744-..), dunm.
1.2.2. Aloiseo Fournier, 4th (joint) Comte et 25th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married to Anna Borg, with issue
1.2.2.1. Mattia Fournier, married 1758 Porto Salvo, Valletta, to Francesco Calleja, (“del Luogo detto Bousett” of Marseglia).
1.2.2.2. Fortunata Fournier., married 1747 to Gaspare Danza, with issue. 
1.2.2.2.1. Margherita Danza, married 1774 Valletta to Gio Batta Misura, with issue.
1.2.2.2.1.1. Angela Misura,. married 1792 Valletta to Filippo Azzopardi.
1.2.2.3. Antonio Fournier., 5th (joint) Comte et 26th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married 1748 at San Paolo, Valletta to Anna Borg., with issue. 
1.2.2.3.1. Maria Fournier., married 1813 Valletta to Ignazio Cauchi.
1.2.2.4. Pasquale Fournier, 5th (joint) Comte et 26th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married 1759 to Paolina Alessi, with issue. 
1.2.2.4.1. Aloisea Fournier, (1761-), married 1770 to Antonio Alunno di Sayd
1.2.2.4.2. Elisabetta Fournier., (1763-), married 1770 to Giuseppe Alunno di Sayd
1.2.2.4.3. Maria Antonia Fournier, (1766-), married to Antonio Pellegrino, with issue. 
1.2.2.4.3.1. Emmanuela Pellegrino, married 1825 Valletta to Antonio Fenech.
1.2.2.4.3.2. Annunciata Pellegrino, married 1812 Valletta to Michele Dalli of Naples.
1.2.2.4.3.3. Lucrezia Pellegrino, married 1815 Valletta to Antonio Ga of Sicily.
1.2.2.4.4. Dun. Enrico Fournier, (1769-1819), 5th (joint) Comte et 26th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France “Priest”, dunm.
1.2.2.5. Anna Margarita Fournier, married 1745 Vittoriosa to Don Alessandro Andrea Ferrandez y Castiglione. 
1.2.3. Giovanni Fournier, 4th (joint) Comte et 25th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married (1) 1727 Porto Salvo, Valletta to Teresa Stellini. Married (2) 1734 Porto Salvo, Valletta to Caterina Caruana Mallia., with issue. 
1.2.3.1. Bartolomeo Fournier., 5th (joint) Comte et 26th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married 1779 to Vincenza Lauder, with issue.
1.2.3.2. Loreta Fournier., married 1779 Valletta to Nobile Giuseppe Grimaldi, Patrizio di Nicera dei Pagani, with issue.
1.2.3.2.1. Nobile Louisa Grimaldi, married 1820 to Constantine Niarchos., with issue. 
1.2.3.2.2. Nobile Antonia Maria Grimaldi., “Nun“., dunm in Catania Sicily. 
1.2.3.2.3. Nobile Aloisea Maria Grimaldi, married 1823 Salerno, Italy to Alessandro Alunna di Said
1.2.3.2.4. Nobile Ursula Grimaldi. 
1.2.3.2.5. Nobile Bianca Sophia Grimaldi., “Nun”, dunm in Palermo Sicily. 
1.2.3.2.6. Nobile Luigi Carlo Grimaldi, married 1847 to Princess Maria Luisa Bertoleoni, with issue. 
1.2.3.2.6.1. Nobile Luisa Grimaldi, (1848-83), married 1865 to Giuseppe di Bertoleoni.
1.2.3.2.6.2. Nobile Pasquala Grimaldi, (1849-1921), mistress to King Carlo I of Tavalara. 
1.2.3.2.6.3. Nobile Stefania Grimaldi, (1852-1950), married 1877 to Prince Salvatore Bertoleoni. 
1.2.3.2.7. Nobile Georgiana Grimaldi. 
1.2.3.2.8. Nobile Natathie Grimaldi. 
1.2.3.2.9. Nobile Athena Grimaldi. 
1.2.4. Margherita Fournier, married 1739 Valletta to Carmelo Pisano, with issue.
1.2.4.1. Maria Pisano, married 1756 Valletta to Francesco Mamo, with issue.
1.2.4.1.1. Giovanna Mamo, married 1793 Valletta to Giovanni Mizzi.
1.2.4.1.2. Anna Mamo, married 1795 Valletta to Antonio de Gabriele Olivier.
1.2.4.2. Aloisea Pisano, married 1759 Valletta to Gaetano Psaila, with issue.
1.2.4.2.1. Fortunata Psaila, married 1776 Valletta to Ambrosio Losco.
1.2.4.3. Grazio Pisano, married 1766 Valletta to Teresa Borg, with issue.
1.2.4.3.1. Caterina Pisano, married 1795 Valletta to Palmo Camenzuli, with issue.
1.2.4.3.1.1. Salvatore Camenzuli, married 1821 Valletta to Modesta Compagno.
1.2.4.3.1.2. Benedetto Camenzuli, married 1846 Valletta to Maria Galdies.
1.2.4.3.2. Carmelo Pisano, married (1) 1807 Valletta to Maria Madiona, married (2) 1814 Valletta to Caterina Gauci.
1.2.4.3.3. Antonia Pisano, married (1) 1788 Birkirkara to Michel Angelo Bugeja, married (2) 1800 Birkirkara to Francesco Zammit.
1.2.4.3.4. Vincenza Pisano, married 1800 Birkirkara to Gio Maria Debono.
1.2.4.3.5. Maria Anna Pisano, married 1801 Valletta to Francesco Ricca.
1.2.4.3.6. Paola Pisano, married 1801 Valletta to Salvatore Schembri Calafato.
1.2.4.3.7. Maria Pisano, married (1) to Paolo Garzin, married (2) 1805 Valletta to Paolo Gatt.
1.2.4.3.8. Margherita Pisano, married 1808 Valletta to Conte Antonio Depares.
1.2.5. (illegitimate with Housekeeper) Caterina de Fournier, married 1721 Valletta to Gio Maria Bugarel, Manumesso. 
1.3. Contessa Rosa de Fournier, married 1696 to Giuseppe Rolando of France, with issue.
1.3.1. Francesco Rolando, married 1722 Valletta  to Vincenza Pelisieri, with issue.
1.3.1.1. Giuseppe Francesco Rolando, married 1752 Senglea to Maria Montenegro of Palermo, Sicily, with issue.
1.3.1.1.1. Francesco Rolando, married (1) 1811 Senglea to Anna Isola-Carbone, married (2) 1822 Valletta to Maria Speranza, with issue
1.3.1.2. Pietro sives Pierre Rolando, married 1765 Paris, France to Hynacinthe-Gabrielle Varis, with issue.
1.3.2. Giovanna Rolando, married 1727 Vittoriosa to Giuseppe Gianse.
1.4. Contessa Antonia de Fournier married., 1699 to Carlo Daniele Castriota.
1.5. Comte Gioacchino de Fournier, 3rd (joint) Comte et 24th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married to Maria N., with issue.
1.5.1. Bartolomea de Fournier, married 1729 to Don Giacomo dei Duchi Seravalli of Termini, Sicily.
1.5.2. Ignazio de Fournier, married 1722 Senglea to Graziulla Durante.
1.5.3. Aloisea de Fournier, married 1736 Birgu to Filippo Bonello.
1.6. Comte Alessandro de Fournier, 3rd (joint) Comte et 24th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married to Teresica N, with issue.
1.6.1. Agostino de Fournier, 4th (joint) Comte et 25th (joint) Sire de Fournier in France, married 1717 Senglea to Diana Sandon, with issue.
1.6.1.1. Margherita de Fournier, married 1746 Senglea to Giuseppe Bonetto of Pantelleria Islands, with issue.
1.6.1.1.1. Lorenzo Bonetto, married 1778 Senglea to Evangelista Borg, with issue.
1.6.1.1.1.1. Giuseppe Bonett, married 1809 Senglea to Francesca Agius.
1.6.1.1.1.2. Gio Andrea Bonett, married 1804 Vittoriosa to Maddalena Spiteri.
1.6.1.1.1.3. Gaetano Bonett, married 1807 Senglea to Margherita Portughes, with issue.
1.6.1.1.1.3.1. Giuseppe Bonett, married (1) to Francesca Casha, married (2) 1851 Cospicua to Maria Bellotti.
1.6.1.1.1.3.2. Lorenzo Bonett, married 1857 Cospicua to Magdelana Schembri.
1.6.1.1.1.3.3. Maria Anna Bonett, married 1833 Senglea to Giuseppe Bonnici.
1.6.1.1.1.3.4. Evangelista Bonett, married 1848 Senglea to Pietro Antonio Gaffiero.
1.6.1.1.1.4. Carmela Bonett, married 1815 Senglea to Giovanni Casha, with issue.
1.6.1.1.1.4.1. Vincenza Casha, married 1855 Cospicua to Giacomo Gaffiero of Sorrento, Italy.

1.6.1.1.2. Rosaria Bonetto, married 1767 Senglea to Andrea Bigliardelli.

1.7. Contessa Anna Rosa Fournier, married 1721 Senglea to Gio Andrea Grima.

Footnotes:

#1: Giorgio Fournier de Pausier applied for a title and that by letters patent bearing date the 31st March 1768, the title of Barone was conferred by Empress Maria Theresa on Giorgio Fournier de Pausier. The patent issued, at the grantee’s request, runs thus:- Te supradictum Georgium Fournier in numerum, consortium, coetum, ordinem, atque Baronum dignatatem assumimus, teque una cum filiis tuis atque posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris in infinitum, primogeniali ordine semper servato, Baronem ac Barones Regnorum et Provinciarum nostrarum facimus, nominamus atque creamus. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 205-208). Although published sources refer to this title as Barone de Pausier it is clear that that is a misnomer as the title granted was of Barone and not Barone de Pausier.. However, the accepted form is used here so as to distinguish it from other dignities enjoyed by the grantee’s family. At Maltese Law this title of Barone (de Pausier) is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence in Malta only if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. In this case, this title granted to Fournier de Pausier in 1768 was never registered in Malta, nor does it appear to have received direct recognition for the Grand Masters who ruled Malta. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 205-208). This does not render the title invalid but in accordance with the rule cited above, although the title is valid, it does not enjoy precedence in Malta. Unfortunately, the 1878 report is not helpful in indicating whether Empress Maria Theresa granted this title in her German or Italian provinces, or elsewhere, nor does it indicate the place where the title was applied for, or where it was granted. On the other hand, it is helpful in indicating that the 1768 remainder reads posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris in infinitum, primogeniali ordine semper servato . Upon a further reading of the 1878 report, it results that two years later Giorgio Fournier de Pausier received another title of Conte (see footnotes below) where the grantor is described as the same Empress Maria Theresa, and that that title was granted in the Kingdom and Provinces of Germany. This however is not necessarily conclusive proof of the relative jurisdiction as the 1878 Report also describes yet another title granted by the same Empress in the same year 1770 but in the Italian Provinces annexed to the German Empire.

 

#2: Another title, this time one of Conte was conferred upon the said Giorgio Fournier de Pausier by the same Empress Maria Theresa, by a patent given at Vienna on the 29th January 1770. The grant was made to the said Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, in the Kingdom and Provinces of Germany with succession to his children and descendants of the male sex, whether born or to be born from lawful wedlock, according to the order of primogeniture. The following is the operative clause of the patent of creation:- Teque una cum filiis tuis atque posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris, in infinitum, primogeniali ordine servato, Comitem ac Comites Regnorum et Provinciarum nostrarum, facimus, nominamus atque creamus. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 209-215; Suppemental Report Part III; Letter of Hicks-Beach at pages 59-60 of Report). At Maltese Law this title of Conte (Fournier) is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence in Malta only if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. In this case, it appears that the 1770 title granted to Fournier de Pausier was in fact registered in the Cancelleria, and in the High Court of the Castellania. . and

Although published sources refer to this title as Conte Fournier it is clear that that is a misnomer as the title granted was of Conte and not Conte Fournier. However, the accepted form is used here so as to distinguish it from other dignities enjoyed by the grantee’s family. The 1878 Commissioners had difficulty in ascertaining whether the remainder of this 1770 grant, albeit providing for succession by Primogeniture, allowed a male descending from a female descendant of the grantee, to enjoy the title. In fact the 1878 Commissioners never reached a decision about the matter. It appears however that this latter question was resolved by the British Secretary of State.

It appears that the 1878 Commissioners were slightly confused about Lazzaro Fournier’s identity or even his very existence. In their first report, the commissioners reported: Giorgio Fournier, the person first ennobled, left Lazzaro Sant , who died without any son to whom the title might descend, but leaving only one daughter, Luigia Sant, the present claimant’s mother. Later, in their Supplemental Report, the same Commissioners said thus: The first titled person Giorgio Fournier had no male issue, but left one daughter, Luigia wife of Baldassare Sant, of whom Lazzaro Sant, the present claimant, is the first-born son. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 209-215; Suppemental Report Part III; Letter of Hicks-Beach at pages 59-60 of Report).

As indicated above, the 1768 title granted Giorgio Fournier de Pausier is to follow the order of primogeniture. On the basis of the genealogical chart, the primogenial descendant of Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, the then primogenial descendant was a woman, namely Luigia Fournier wife of Baldassare Sant. As it does not result where the 1768 title was granted, one assumes that there is nothing which prevented an artificial agnation allowing Luigia Fournier and her descendants to enjoy the title of Barone (de Pausier) by order of Primogeniture.

The same cannot be said in regard to the 1770 title of Conte granted to Fournier de Pausier as that grant is amply described in the 1878 report of the Royal Commissioners. In the first place, it is clear from the terms of the grant that the title cannot be enjoyed but by male members of the grantee’s family. In fact the Commissioners themselves observed that the relative remainder only allows the male sex to succeed. Published sources show the aforesaid Luigia Fournier as having enjoyed the title. This is patently not consistent with the terms of the 1770 grant. It will be recalled that in analogous situation (barone della Marsa), the 1878 Commissioners held that the formula tuisque descentibus masculis tribuimus concedimus et donamus excluded a female from succeeding a title granted in such terms.