The Ancestors of Count Peter Sant Manduca.

Eight Generations of Ancestors.

Update: 19-01-2024.

The Sant Manduca family.

One of Malta’s leading yet exclusive family holding a strong tie to Mdina after many centuries being its resident. We find that the present Mayor of Mdina is none other then Count Peter Sant Manduca. His ties in Mdina go back to the beginning of time, recorded ancestors to the earliest Barons in Malta under the Gatto’s, Cassia’s, Bava’s, Aragona’s and many early 13th century leaders. Each generation till the 20th century, you will find amongst the present Head of Sant Manduca’s ancestry. 

The Sant Manduca family stem from the Count Sant family, who are a major land owner in their own right, three distant branches marrying heiress, one being the Baroness of Ghariexem e Tabia, forming the Sant Cassia family, the heiress of Fournier, forming the Sant Fournier family, and a member of the Noble family of Manduca, forming the Sant Manduca family. Another branch intermarried with the Barbaro family forming the Sant Barbaro family, which later become extinct. All descendants of the 1st Count Sant in the male-to-male descent have the right to carry the hereditary Germanic title of Count before their name, and this is recognised by the British especially with Count Baldassare Sant who married the Fournier heiress. Baldassare went on to become the Lord Lieutenant of Mdina during the French and the British colonisation of Malta in the 18th and 19th century. Also to note a son of the 2nd Count Sant went on to become a Bishop of Malta and is buried in Mdina Cathedral. In the article of “Three Sant Cassia families” it says. There are in Malta three distinct branches of the Sant Cassia family:- Sant Cassia, Sant Fournier and Sant Manduca. There were other branches, but these lines are now extinct. The brothers Luigi Sant (1778-1867), Baldassare Sant (1789-1858) and Giuseppe Carmelo Sant (1792-1877) were the sons of Giovanni Francesco Sant, and grandsons of Salvatore Baldassare Sant who was, on the 22nd December 1770, granted the title of Conte (Sant) in virtue of a patent granted by the Empress Maria Theresa in the Italian Provinces annexed to the German Empire. This title was registered in Malta on the 12 December 1775 under reference A.O.M. 571, fol. 351. This was not their only claim to nobility because their own mother Felicita Chiara, born Bonnici Platamone had came to hold the barony of Gariescem et Tabiathrough her own maternal ancestors the Xara family who had since 1721 been invested in that fief which had come their way through marriage to the Cassia family who first received the property in 1638. Technically Gio Francesco, a count, ranked before his wife a mere baroness. However, by a general legislation of the 17 March 1795 enacted by Grand Master Rohan-Polduc, holders of titles of nobility were made to rank for the purposes of precedence in appointment to municipal offices (‘giurati’) according to their dates of creation and all the other new creations came to be ranked after the older, “It being a principle universally acknowledged that the lustre of Nobility principally depends on its greater antiquity, nothing is more just and reasonable than that the older Nobles should have precedence over the more recent”. The legislation clarified that actual possession of the Maltese fief was not required to enjoy the title. (Holders of foreign titles could enjoy this precedence only if they effected due registration.) At the same time, equal precedence for the same purposes was accorded to the holder of Maltese titles and any descendant from such holder provided he was descended in the male to male line, if he lives on rent of his own property, and this only if his intermediate ancestors had also lived on such rent. Therefore the older title of barone di Gariescem et Tabia now outranked the new conti Sant. Such importance was given to the descent from the original feudatories of Gariescem et Tabia, that during the French occupation of 1798-1800, the ex-Count Gio Francesco, now appointed Treasurer-General of the new Commission of Government, requested permission to retain and preserve the old documents which showed the extent of the property interest. The title of “Baron of Ghariescem et Tabia” is not a hereditary title but personal to the holder of the fief known by that name. The text of the 1770 grant requires that certain lands be acquired by the grantee. It is not known whether such lands were ever acquired but by 1793, Giovanni Francesco Sant sent his three sons to study in Monza, Italy. According to the passport issued under the hand of the Grand Master each one was referred to as a ‘count’, indicating not only that the original grant benefited the grantee’s son but also that the comital title granted to Sant was considered to have a multiple remainder. All three sons were known by the combined surname of ‘Sant Cassia’. According to Gauci (1986, page 60) the relative blazon shows elements taken from the families Sant, Bon(n)ici and Cassia only. This is less inconvenient than the more accurate ‘Sant Bonnici-Platamone Xara-Cassia”. In time only the senior branch retained this combined surname (even though a Report dated 1878 specifically disallowed the then baron from appending the surname “Cassia”). In 1811, the younger son Baldassare married Luigia Fournier de Pausier, granddaughter of Giorgio Fournier de Pausier who had applied and was granted two titles by the same Empress Maria Theresa, one of Barone by letters patent bearing date the 31st March 1768, the other of Conte by a patent given on the 29th January 1770. Only the comital title was registered in Malta (reference A.O.M. 571, fol. 349) and is registered as one originating in Hungary. The descendants of this branch dropped “Cassia” for “Fournier”. In 1821, the youngest son Giuseppe Carmelo married Francesca Barbaro, daughter of Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro who in 1792 had successfully applied for an extension of the title of Marchese di San Giorgio “to all his descendants, forever”. At first, this branch adopted the surname “Sant Barbaro”; however in 1844 one of the descendants married Maria Teresa Manduca, granddaughter of Salvatore Manduca who had applied for a revival of the title of “Conte di Mont’ Alto” (or “Count Manduca”) originally granted in 1720 in the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza and extinguished in 1775. For this reason the descendants from this union adopted the surname of “Sant Manduca”. In terms of the 1795 legislation, as lineal male-to-male descendants, all branches, and sub-branches, of the Sant Cassia, Sant Fourniers and Sant Manducas ranked equally, “in regulating the precedency among the Nobles of this our dominion, whether first-born or cadets indiscriminately”. An attempt to change this rule of precedence to favour the new counts and marquises was defeated by Lord Granville on the 19 May 1886 who ruled that in view of the considerable opposition and the small support which the proposal received, “I have to request that you will inform the Committee of Privileges that I am not prepared to reconsider the decision of Grand Master Rohan.” The use of the titles of “Most Illustrious” and “Noble” was criminalized in 1725 and the Grand Masters relaxed this rule in favour of only some families. Of all the various exceptions promulgated by the Grand Masters between 1725 and 1798 it appears that none benefited the Sant, Xara, Fournier and Manduca families. However, some members of the Bonnici family were exempted. On the 18 June 1884, the Committee of Privileges of the Maltese Nobility requested the British Secretary of State for the Colonies, for permission to allow each ‘titolato’ the use of the style and title of ‘The Most Noble’ explaining that “during the Government of the Order of St. John each and every Titolato in Malta was allowed the style and title of Most Noble or Most Illustrious”. At first this request was resisted by the British Authorities, not because the claim was misleading, but because British law allowed only Princes of the English Blood Royal use the title of “Most Illustrious”. Not wanting to offend what was wrongly perceived as a Maltese custom, a compromise was reached and on the 23 February 1886, Lord Glanville instructed Governor Simmons that:- “I am also to desire you to give directions for the resuming the practice of according to the ‘Titolati’ in all public and official documents and in all communications from officers of the Government their customary titles of ‘Illustrissimo e Nobile’ or the ‘Most Noble’ as suggested in your despatch of the 7th of December, as there can be no good reason for withholding a courtesy the discontinuance of which has been felt to be a grievance.” Therefore all the ‘titolati’ acknowledged by the British Administration became entitled to the style “The Most Noble”.

The Sant Manduca family starting with Count Giuseppe Sant (1792 – 1877), married in 1821 to Francesca Barbaro dei Marchesi di San Giorgio, Francesca was the daughter of Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro, 2nd Marchese di San Giorgio and Aloisea Clotilda Crispo dei Duchi di Naxos Islands. The Barbaro family stem from Venice in 817 and held the position of Doge in Venice elected on a many ocassions. Their remains of Palazzos still bear their name in Venice also had a strong presents in the Aegean islands over the colonisation when Venice had an empire. Aloisea Clotilda Crispo family are a direct branch from Naxos Islands whom migrated after the Turkish invasion of their Sovereign Island. The Crispo’s lay claim to being a descendant to the Sanudo family who were once Dukes of Naxos Islands, the imperial Comnenus family of Trebizond and the Byzantine Empire. That link also inter-connected with much Imperial families in the region. Well documented is the marriage between Niccolo Crispo, Regent of Naxos Islands (1447 – 1450) and his marriage to Princess Valenza of Trebizond. Other connections well noted by the Crispo family in direct line to the Sant Manduca’s is the Gozzadini, Zeno, Morosini and Loredano families. Sovereign Rulers of Grecian Islands throughout the period of the 14th and 15th century. The Last Reigning Duke of Naxos, Jacopo IV (r. 1564 – 1566), fought gallantly to his defeat against the Turks then fled to Italy. His son Prince Michael Crispo migrated to Italy, marrying in 1557 to Cecilia Marin. Their daughter Lorenza became a mistress to Francesco I Tocco, Principe di Achaia, and had a child Gio Cristosimo Crispo, taking his mothers’ ancient and noble surname. He was invited by the Grand Master of Malta to take refuge in Malta hence where this branch begins. A long line of Lawyers living in Valletta, holding to their name a link of their ancient past. Intermarrying with other Judical families in Valletta until 1785, Aloisea Clothide Crispo married to Gioacchino Barbara, the 2nd Marchese di San Giorgio. Count Giuseppe Carmelo Sant’s marriage to Francesca Barbaro dei Marchesi di San Giorgio produced four known children, all intermarrying with their cousins (Barbaro)., A younger son also married a Barbaro forming the Sant Barbaro family. Count Luigi Sant (1824 – 1866) had married to Maria Aloisia Barbara dei Marchesi di San Giorgio, and their children took the surname of SANT BARBARO, but later became extinct, with one daughter, Contessa Carmela Sant Barbaro marrying in 1897 to Temistocle Bruno Oliver. His descendants still exist today. Count Francesco Saverio Sant, (1822 – 1890), married in 1844 to a Maria Teresa Manduca dei Conti di Mont’Alto, and their issue carried the surname of SANT MANDUCA. They had three known children, the elder being Giuseppe (1847 – 1885); Marianna who married to Magistrate Paolo Giorgio Falzon, their descendants took the surname of Falzon Sant Manduca. The younger child was Salvatore dying unmarried in 1868. The marriage of Francesco Saverio Sant and Maria Teresa Manduca brought an interesting legacy and dowry. Maria Teresa Manduca was the second daughter of a very wealthy family, her elder sister had married a Marchese di Gnien is-Sultan, the younger, married the Barone di Buleben. Maria Teresa’s elder brother, Salvatore married the daughter of the Barone di Benwarred and the younger brother, married the heiress of the Counts of Senia (ie; Descendants of the Grand Master de Rohan). So a very weathly family with much dowry to provide possible matches. Maria Teresa Parents, Giuseppe Manduca married to Maria Angela Galea Feriol dei Baroni di San Marciano, a very noble match though Giuseppe being the third son was given a weathly inheritance. His eldest brother succeeded their father, Salvatore Manduca Piscopo Macedonia, Count of Mont’Alto as the next Count and later knighted by the British with the Order of St Michael and St George. Count Salvatore Manduca, dying in 1800 had inherited the title from his Uncle, Felice Manduca, who left no surviving legitimate children. The title was regranted by the Sovereign Duke of Parma on its third succession, then onto Salvatore’s descendants in the male line. The Manduca family stem from a Judge Antonio Manduca in 1405 and his great grand son, Magnifico Dr Antonio Manduca JUD was nominated by Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, the title of Hereditary Knight of the Holy Roman Empire for his services as Ambassindor and Capitano della Verga of Malta in the 16th century. This honour now stems to all his descendants. “cognominato il Cavaliere, per haver conseguito l’honor di quel grado dall’Imperadore Carlo V in Messina, allora quando dalla nostra Citta gli fu’ destinato Ambasciatore nel 1535”

The next generation, Count Giuseppe Sant Manduca (1847 – 1885), the first of the Sant Manduca generation, married in 1867 to Agnese Francesca Micallef, the daughter of Sir Anthony Micallef GCMG, LLD., President of the Court of Appeal in Malta and his first wife, Francesca Xerri. The Micallefs come from a long line stemming from Gozo in 1561. Count Giuseppe Sant Manduca and Agnese Francesca Micallef had three children, Salvino (1878 -1938); Luigi (1881 – 1938) and Maria (1870 – 1956). Count Salvino Sant Manduca, married to a Stella Camilleri, though dying without any surviving issue in 1938. His brother, Count Luigi Sant Manduca married 1908 to Baroness Giovanna Maempel, the daughter of Baron Carlo Enrico von Maempel of Saxe Gotha, in Germany and his Maltese wife, Jane Calleja. Baron Carlo Enrico had several enterprises in Malta and also a member of many institutions around the Island. Jane Calleja comes from an ancient Maltese family of de Calafato’s who held a Maltese title of Baron since 1398 and were from Syracuse, Italy. Countessa Maria Sant Manduca, the daughter of Giuseppe and Agnese, married to Giovanni Bugeja Caruana, with issue. Count Luigi Sant Manduca (1881 – 1938) and Baroness Giovanna Maempel had one child, Count Giuseppe Sant Manduca (1909 – 1958) married to a new Industry family who merge in Malta as a major force in its economy of the Cassar Torreggiani family. The Cassar Torreggiani family become prominent in the 19th century with much of Malta’s prime industrial forces and this continued right into the late 20th century. A large family who married very well with other new and old families in Malta, this family lays claim to being a descendant of the ancient Cassar family of the 15th century and the Italian family of Torreggiani whose cousins are Marchese Torreggiani in Northern Italy. Count Giuseppe Sant Manduca and Maud Cassar Torreggiani had one son, John Mary Sant Manduca (1938 – 2012), the sole heir to the Sant Manduca legacy. Count John Mary Sant Manduca, married to the very noble and illustrious Contessa Louisette Bonnici Mallia dei Baroni di Gomerino. Contessa Louisetta family and connections with the Testaferrata Moroni family and another branch of the Barbaro family which brings into the fold another Germanic title of Graf to all descendants from the marriage of Francesco Crispo Barbaro, 3rd Marchese di San Giorgio and Contessa (Grafin) Caroline von Zimmerman. The Zimmerman’s were from Switzerland though had a strong connection with France and the Imperia Emperor of Germany. Their ancestry brings some interesting connections with the Counts Jenisons von Walworth, Comtes de Chavagne, who were illegitimately connected to the Royal House of Bourbon of France and lay claim to being a descendant of Prince Philippe I of France, Duc d’Orleans (1640 – 1701). The connections of Contessa Louisette is amazing, with a number connections with the Count Sant family, the Testaferrata family, and almost most of the other Maltese nobility. The Bonnici Mallia intermarried with the Denaro family who themselves are interconnected with the Portelli O’Conner and Gollcher families who served Malta on major fronts in commerce or judical. Such as Sir Agostino Portelli KCMG, thje 1st President of Borsa and Member of Council of Government in Malta. The Gollcher family are from Sweden and connected to Olof F. Gollcher who bought Palazzo Falzon in Mdina. A merchant family who married into the Bruno Olivier family, the Olivier family were Seigneurs in France and intermarried with the Borg family and later succeeded to the Principe di Selimbria title from the Byzantine Empire. Sant-Manduca Giovanni Maria, born on 10th May 1938 in St Julians, Malta. Sant-Manduca Giovanni studied at St Edward’s College (1945-55). From 1957-1956 he served in the Regiment of the Royal Artillery (UK). In 1978 Sant-Manduca obtained a British private pilot’s license and joined the Royal Aero Club. In 1994 he was awarded the National Service 1939-60 Medal (UK). Sant-Manduca Giovanni was elected member of various clubs which societies including: The Malta Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (1959), the Casino Notabile (where he was president during 1970-72 and 1972-74) and of the Malta Heraldic Society and Genealogical Association (1970 hon. Secretary general: 1972 fellow). Sant-Manduca Giovanni was also a Knight of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (1972), a Knight of grace of the Sacred Military Order of Constantine St George (1974), Officer of the Princely House Order of Lippe (1976) and Knight of Magistral Grace of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (1995). In 1995 elected delegate/representative for Malta for the Sacred Military Order of Constantine St George. He was awarded with the Title of Count on the 08.12.1999 by His Royal Highness Prince Ferdinand Borbone of the Two Sicilies and Duca di Castro. Sant-Manduca and Louisette Bonnici-Mallia have two sons: Peter Giuseppe, born on the 15.01.1966 and Nicholas Giuseppe, born on the 06.12.1971. Count Peter Sant Manduca, the successor of his father in Name of house of Sant Manduca, is the Mayor of Mdina, Malta, a knight of Numerous orders from reigning and non-reigning Sovereigns, and presently hold the honour of being the Head of the Malta association with the Order of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St George. Count Peter is married to the Noble Alexandra Apap Bologna, the sister of the Marchese di Gnien is-Sultan and daughter of the Late 6th Marchese di Gien is-Sultan and Elizabeth Cassar Torreggiani. The Apap family are also very interconnected by marriage and by descent to the Gollcher, de Piro, Manduca, Sceberras Bologna, Mallia Tabone, Vassallo families and are deep rooted back in Gozo from a Salvo Apap who married to Leonora de Nasis de la Porta, whose grand father Nobile Paolo de Nasis, was a Giurato of Malta in 1465. With such a noble marriage, the connections to everything noble on the islands of Malta are ancestors to Count Peter and Alexandra. If one was to put pen to paper and stretch the Who’s who in Malta, you will find Count Peter is perhaps first or second cousins, or his wife is.

Generation 1

1. Conte Peter Sant Manduca, (1966-., Mayor of Mdina.

Generation 2

2. Conte John Mary Sant Manduca, (1938-2012).

3. Louisette Bonnici Mallia dei Baroni di Tabria, (1946-., married 1965.

Generation 3.

4. Conte Giuseppe Sant Manduca, (1909-58).

5. Maud Cassar-Torreggiani, married 1936.

6. Joseph Bonnici-Mallia.

7. Marcelle Denaro dei Baroni di Tabria, (1922-., married 1943.

Generation 4.

8. Conte Luigi Sant Manduca, (1881-1938).

9. Baroness Giovanna Maempel, married 1908.

10. Paul Cassar-Torreggiani, (1853-1922)

11. Amelia Despott.

12. Nobile Carmelo Bonnici Mallia

13. Luigia Lanzon, married 1916 Valletta.

14. Victor Denaro.

15. Nobile Maria Testaferrata Moroni Viani dei Baroni di Tabria e della Gomerino, married.

Generation 5.

16. Conte Giuseppe Sant Manduca, (1847-1885).

17. Agnese Micallef, married 1867.

18. Baron Charles Henry Maempel of Saxe Gotha, Germany, German Consul in Malta.

19. Jane Calleja, married 1837  St Paul’s Cathedral, Valletta.

20. Antonio Cassar, (1810-81).

21. Giovanna Torreggiani, married 1838 Vittoriosa.

22. Francesco Despott.

23. Caterina Pulis, married 1823.

24. Giuseppe Bonnici.

25. Maria Anna Mallia, married 1872 Valletta.

26. Antonio Lanzon.

27. Paolina Schembri, married 1851 San Paolo Valletta.

28. Alfred Denaro.

29. Augusta Gollcher, married.

30. Barone Salvatore Testaferrata Moroni Viani dei Baroni di Tabria e Gomerino.

31. Marchesa Caroline Barbaro Sant dei Marchesi di San Giorgio, (1862-1937), married 1886.

Generation 6.

32. Conte Francesco Saverio Sant, (1822-90).

33. Nobile Maria Luisa Teresa Manduca dei Conti di Mont’Alto, married 1844.

34. Sir Antonio Micallef LLD GCMG. (1810-89).

35. Francesca Xerri (d. 1847), married 1833 Valletta.

36. N. Maempel.

37. NN.

38. Lorenzo Calleja.

39. Giuseppa Mizzi, married 1814 Porto Salvo, Valletta.

40. Agostino Cassar.

41. Grazia Pace, married 1799 Kirkop.

42. Dr Filippo Torreggiani LLD.

43. Maria Camilleri, married 1817 Vittoriosa.

44. Vincenzo Despott.

45. Anna Xuereb, married 1802 Zejtun.

46. Antonio Pulis.

47. Lorenza Cassar, married 1788 Zabbar.

48. Paolo Maria Bonnici.

49. Giovanna Mizzi, married 1849 Valletta.

50. Giulio Mallia.

51. Carmela Leonardi, married 1842 Zabbar.

52. Alessandro Lanzon

53. Maria Muscat, married 1810 San Paolo Valletta.

54. Gio Battista Schembri. 

55. Aloisia Lauron, married 1809 Porto Salvo Valletta.

56. Rosario Denaro.

57. Mary Portelli O’Conner, married 1856.

58. Olof Frederick Gollcher, (1829 Sweden -1889 Malta).

59.  Vincenza Bruno Olivier, married.

60. Nobile Pietro Paolo Testaferrata Abela Moroni LLD dei Baroni di Gomerino, (1830-1882), Baroncino di Gomerino.

61. Marchesa Maria Angela dei Marchesi Testaferrata Viani dei Baroni della Tabria, (1830-67).

62. Marchese Arturo Barbaro dei Marchesi di San Giorgio.

63. Contessa Carmela dei Conti Sant, married 1861.

Generation 7.

64. Conte Giuseppe Carmelo Sant, (1792-1877).

65. Marchesa Francesca Barbaro dei Marchesi di San Giorgio, married 1821.

66. Nobile Giuseppe Manduca dei Conti di Mont’Alto, Hereditary Knight of the Holy Roman Empire.

67. Nobile Maria Angela Galea Feriol dei Baroni di San Marciano, married 1816.

68. Notary Giuseppe Gaetano Micallef.

69. Maria Fabri, married 1776 Valletta.

70. Antonio Xerri.

71. Giuseppa Morello., married 1802.

72. N. Maempel.

73. N.

74. N.

75. N.

76. Giovanni Calleja.

77. Felicitia Caravasco, married 1772 Porto Salvo Valletta.

78. Antonio Mizzi.

79. Maria Cordina, married 1782 Rabat Gozo.

80. Pasquale Cassar.

81. Maria Barbara, married 1752 Gudia.

82. Giuseppe Pace.

83. Maria Vella, married 1755 Kirkop.

84. Gaspare Torreggiani, (1695 Italy).

85. Giovanna Petipre, married 1745 San Paolo, Valletta.

86. Michele Camilleri.

87. Giovanna Micallef, married 1782 Valletta.

88 Carlo Despot.

89 Rosalea Vella, married 1773 Matrice Gozo.

90. Giuseppe Xuereb.

91. Grazia Bonavia, married 1770 Zejtun.

92. Giuseppe Pulis.

93. Laurica Cardona, married 174a Zabbar.

94. Giuseppe Cassar.

95. Maria Magro, married 1764 Zabbar.

96. Dr Giuseppe Paolo Bonnici JUD.

97. Francesca Debonis, married 1810 Valletta.

98. Dr Ignazio Mizzi JUD.

99. Maria Paola Buttigieg, married 1806 Rabat Gozo.

100. Salvatore Mallia.

101. Margherita Camilleri., married 1809 Zejtun.

102. Gaetano Leonardi, married firstly to Anna N.

103. Maria Anna Cassia, married 1750 Valletta.

104. Salvatore Lanzon.

105. Margherita Grech, married 1767 Porto Salvo Valletta.

106. Paolo Muscat.

107. Teresa Pullicino, married 1790 Porto Salvo, Valletta.

108. Benedetto Schembri.

109. Margherita Lauron, married 1776 Porto Salvo Valletta.

110. Emmanuele Lauron.

111. Antonia Ricard, married 1768 San Paolo Valletta.

112. Francesco Denaro.

113. Maria Russo.

114. Michele Portelli.

115. Teresa O’Conner, married 1838 Valletta.

116. Johan Gustaf Gollcher of Stockholm, Sweden, (1798-1868), Merchant.

117. Britta Maria Wenstrom, (1804-1878).

118. Dr Giacomo Bruno JUD.

119. Noble Rosa Maria Borg Olivier dei Marchesi di Fiddien. , married 1811.

120. Don Pietro Paolo Testaferrata Abela, (1760-1827) (4th Baron Testaferrata of Gomerino later 5th Baron of Gomerino (by a judgment of 1882, which considered an earlier possessor of the fief by that name to be the 2nd holder of the title)

121. Contessa Laudonia Moroni, married 1786 (killed 1798 during Maltese Insurrection).

122. see No 62.

123. see No 63.

124. Francesco Crispo Barbaro, (1794-1847), 2nd Marchese di San Giorgio.

125. Grafin Caroline von Zimmermann, married 1817.

126. See No 64.

127. See No 65.

Generation 8

128. Salvatore Baldassare Sant, (1715-91) created Count Sant in the Austrian Empire 1770. [1].

129. Maria Antonia Ciantar-Gimberto, married 1740.

130. See No 248.

131. See No 249.

132. Salvatore Manduca Piscopo Macedonia, (d. 1800), 3rd Count of Mont’Alto. [2].

133. Elena Portughes, married 1783.

134. Giovanni Galea Feriol, 4th Barone di San Marciano. [3].

135. Generosa Ducoss, 12th Baroness Lemnos-Burlo-Busuttil-Ducoss, [4], married 1775.

136. Gio Battista Micallef.

137. Maria Camilleri, married 1723 Valletta.

138. Giuseppe Fabri, [5].

139. Agata Gadinau, married 1743 Valletta.

140. Raimondo Xerri.

141. Maria Gatt, married 1768 San Paolo Valletta.

142. Michele Morello.

143. Rosa Assenza, married 1764.

144. N. Maempel.

145. N.

146. N.

147. N.

148. N.

149. N.

150. N.

151. N.

152. Arcangelo Calleja.

153. Ubaldesca Callus, married 1739 Zurrieq.

154. Gabriele Caravasco, [6].

155. Teresa Putois, [7], married 1753 Valletta.

156. Marcello Mizzi.

157. Eugenia Libreri, married 1750 Porto Salvo Valletta.

158. Notary Salvatore Cordina, [8].

159. Teresa Zammit, married 1755 San Paolo Valletta.

160. Gio Cabo Cassar.

161. Maria Zammit, married 1711 Luqa.

162. Giovanni Barbara.

163. Paola Mamo, married 1713 Gudia.

164. Antonio Pace.

165. Maria Caruana, married 1709 Kirkop.

166. Maurizo Pace.

167. Paolica Ellul, married 1735 Kirkop.

168. Girolomo Torreggiani of Italy.

169. Francesca Geraldi, married 1675 Vittoriosa.

170. Giovanni Petipre.

171. Teresa Bernardi, married 1706 Senglea.

172. Matteo Camilleri.

173. Anna Faienza, married 1753 Attard.

174. Silvestro Micallef.

175. Sapienza Psaila, married 1756 Valletta.

176. Stefano Depost of Surbiancello of Ragusa, Sicily.

177. Gaetano Vella, married 1748 Birgu.

178. Alessio Vella.

179. Maria Teuma, married 1740 Rabat Gozo.

180. Giovanni Xuereb.

181. Anna Farrugia, married 1738 Zejtun.

182. Gaetano Bonavia.

183. Domenica Azzopardi, married 1738 Zejtun.

184. Luca Pulis.

185. Maria Abela, married 1720 Zabbar.

186. Antonio Cardona, later married 1762 Zejtun to Angela Debono.

187. Margherita Xuereb, married 1709 Birkirkara.

188. Lorenzo Cassar.

189. Elizabetta Meli, married 1736 Zurrieq.

190. Giuseppe Magro.

191. Caterina Cachia, married 1733 Zurrieq.

192. Dr Bartolomeo Bonnici JUD.

193. Maria Farrugia, married 1757 Zebbug.

194. Nicola Debonis.

195. Anna Bianchi, married 1770 Zebbug.

196. Dr Placido Mizzi JUD.

197. Antonia Formosa, married 1767.

198. Salvatore Buttigieg.

199. Aloisea Gatt, married 1789 Matrice Gozo.

200. Carlo Mallia.

201. Giovanna Mendus, married 1747 Senglea.

202. Giulio Camilleri.

203. Imperia Zammit, married 1761 Zurrieq.

204. Blasio Leonardi of Sicily.

205. Agata N

206. Andrea Cristoforo Cassia of Sicily.

207. Rosa Teresa Romano, married 1734 Valletta.

208. Nicola Lanzon

209. Rosalia Veronica de Manuele, married 1728 Birgu.

210. Lorenzo Grech.

211. Paolica Bonnici, married 1743 Vittoriosa.

212. Giuseppe Pullicino.

213. Maria Grech, married 1767 Porto Salvo, Valletta.

214. Francesco Muscat.

215. Gaetana Rochier, [9]; married 1757 Porto Salvo, Valletta.

216. Aloiseo Schembri.

217. Teresa Psaila, married 1745.

218. Alessio Lauron.

219. Rosa Wizzini, married 1744 San Paolo Valletta.

220. Gio Battista Lauron.

221. Maddalena Castiglione, married 1720 Porto Salvo Valletta.

222. Gio Battista Ricard.

223. Rosa Cassar, married 1735 San Poalo Valletta.

224 N. Denaro.

225. N.

226. N Russo.

227. N.

228. Sir Agostino Portelli KCMG, (1780-1858), 1st President of Borsa, [10].

229. Marianna Ricavi, married 1801 Valletta.

230. Patrick O’Conner of Ireland, [son of Nicholas and Mary].

231. Teresa Allen, [daughter of Thomas and Margaret], married 1812 Porto Salvo, Valletta.

232. Olof Gollcher of Sweden, (1763-).

233. N.

234. N.

235. N.

236. Dr Giovanni Spiridon Bruno JUD, [12].

237. Maria Teresa Maurin, married 1787 Cospicua.

238. Emanuele Borg Olivier de Puget, [13].  

239. Nobile Maria Guiseppina Gatto dei Conti di Beberrua,  [14], married 1790.

240. Paolo Testaferrata Abela, Paolo Testaferrata Abela, 3rd Baron Testaferrata of Gomerino, (1736-1760) (In 19th century reclassified as “4th Barone di Gomerino“), [15].

241. Nobile Vincenza Matilda Perdicomati Bologna dei Conti della Catena, married 1752, [16].

242. Conte Annibale Moroni, [17].

243. Contessa Laudonia (Liva) Buzi of Rome.

244. See No: 124.

245. See No: 125.

246. See No: 126.

247. See No: 127.


Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro, (1760-1844), 2nd Marchese di San Giorgio, [18].

249. Nobile Aloisea Clotilda Crispo dei Duchi della Naxos Islands, [19], married 1785.

250. General Alexander von Zimmermann, 2nd Count von Zimmermann, 4th Comte de Chavagne in France, (1763-1829), [20].

251. Grafin Charlotte Jenison de Walworth, [21].

252. See No: 128.

253. See No: 129.

254. See No: 130.

255. See No: 131.


[1]: The Austrian (Germanic) title of Sant.

Footnote: The title of “Conte” conferred by Empress Maria Teresa on the Maltese Citizen, Salvatore Baldassare Sant did not originate in Malta but in Lombardy, Italy which at the time of the grant formed part of the Austrian Empire. At Maltese Law it is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved. in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. 

In this case, the grant relative to “Conte Sant” appears to have been duly registered in the Cancelleria of the Order. 

VALUE OF REGISTRATION/MAGISTRAL RECOGNITION From the records of the Cancelleria it appeared that the titles so granted were registered in virtue of a rescript from the Grand Master, on an application by the party concerned. The Royal Commissioners of 1878 remarked that they were prone to believe that the Grand Master would not have given his assent to registration without any investigation. From the start, however, the Commissioners pointed out that the Despuig/Rohan Rules on the matter did not deny nobility to a Titolato  who failed to duly register his title, but only assigned him no place insofar as precedence was concerned. See:- “Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility”, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 101-102). It is also noteworthy that the Commissioners did not consider all the titles which were registered in the Cancelleria: For example the title of Conte granted to Baldassare Fenech Bonnici on the 11 June 1798 by Pope Benedict XIV, which was duly registered under Archives of the Order of Malta (554, f. 176) as well as the Archives of the Inquisition of Malta (102m f. 32) was not considered by the Report. It appears that no descendant of this grantee made any claim to the Commissioners. 

In regard to the title of “Conte” granted to Sant, it appears at first that enjoyment thereof is subject to the holding of a particular property in Lombardy. However, upon closer reading, it transpires that this is not the case as this condition is not peremptorily laid down in the patent. See:- “Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility”, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 216-217).

[2]; As seen above the title of Conte di Mont’ Alto as extended in 1724, became extinct in 1775. However at the time of the 1878 Commission, Monsignor Salvatore Manduca Piscopo Macedonia, claimed that same grant was again ‘extended’, this time by another rescript dated 28 December 1776, in favour of Salvatore Manduca, his grand-father, and of the grantee’s male issue. . See: Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (Para. 188) . Unfortunately for the Monsignor, his representative failed to produce an authentic documentation and the Commissioners, feeling pressed to get on with their work, did not think it advisable to delay further the presentation of their Report. In doing so, they did not fail to observe as follows: The present title (if taken to have ever existed) was never registered in Malta, nor has the claimant produced any proof of its having ever been recognized by the Grand Masters of the Order of St. John. We must not, however, omit to state that on inspecting the Minute Book in which the appointment of the jurats was entered during the Government of the Order, we noticed that Salvatore Manduca was in the year 1797-1798 appointed jurat for Notabile and styled ‘Conte’. We can, however, give no importance to this circumstance in the absence of an authentic copy of the patent of creation of this title; and we beg to add that although the above-named Francesco Manduca had declared himself ready to bring over from Parma some authentic documents, we did not think it advisable to delay further the presentation of our Report. As matters now stand, we cannot include Monsignor Manduca in our list of Titolati. It is, however, to be understood that the claimant is by no means precluded from producing at any future time further evidence of the existence and recognition of this title, in which case his claim, must in our opinion, be reconsidered.See:Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (Para. 188) .


The title of “Barone di San Marciano” was conferred by Grand Master Vilhena, by patent of the 14th June 1726, on Diego Antonio Galea Feriol. The title is purely nominal and does not have any property attached to it. In their general observations, the Royal Commissioners observed that most of the titles granted by the Grandmasters were merely honorary and had no relevance on property tenure “although it appears that those titles (granted by the Grand Masters) have derived their different denominations from several feudal lands existing in these islands, this annexation, however, is in most cases purely nominal, for those lands were never in reality conveyed to the grantees, but they remained as they are still Government Property.” The Commissioners also identified the only three exceptions to this purely nominal phenomenon, where tenure of property was a prerequisite namely Bahria, delle Catene, and Senia, the last being a divisible property. See:- “Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility”, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 82).

This title was conferred on Isidoro Viani with power given to him and his descendants of nominating a successor, and in failure of such nomination with automatic transmission to the first born descendant in the primogenial line. The grant is described as being like the titles of Gomerino and Budack (See:- “Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility”, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 29-30).

Altogether the Grand Masters created six titles which are disposable by nomination, namely Gomerino (Perellos), Budack (Perellos), San Marciano (Vilhena); Tabria (Vilhena), Culeja (Despuig) and Benuarrat (Despuig).

The actual report says the following:

“The third title, in order of date, is that of ‘Barone di San Marciano’, in Gozo, conferred by Grand Master Manoel de Vilhena, by a patent dated the 14th June 1726, on Diego Antonio Galea Feriol, and on such of his descendents as each holder of the title should name in perpetuum, and in failure of such nomination on the first born descendent, as in the preceding grants of the title of ‘Barone di Gomerino’ and ‘Barone di Budack’. The following is an extract from the diploma: -. “Tibi Nobili Didaco Antonio Galea Feriol et post tui obitum, uni ex filiis vel filiabus legitimis et naturalibus ex te legitime procreatis vel procreandis, quemvel quam omni futuro tempore et in perpetuum. Tu et quilibet ex tuis legitimis successoribus in dicta Baronia constitutus seurespective constituta, malueritis eligendum vel eligendam. Et in casu tui vel tuorum in infinitum decessus, absque ullanominatione vel electione successoris in dicto titulo, ex nunc censeatur nominatus et electus primogenitus nisi erit ad sacrosordines promotus, aut in religione professus, et in defectu marium, foemina primogenita… The present holder and claimant of the title is Pietro Paolo Galea, who proves by documentary evidence his descent from Barone Diego Antonio Galea Ferriol, and the regular transmission of the title through the first born male descendents, successively down to his person. His claim is called in question by no one, and he will consequently be referred to in our list as Pietro Paolo Galea, Barone di San Marciano.

Today it is no longer possible to effect any nomination. In the Gieh ir-Repubblika Act (ACT XXIX of 1975), the lawdictates that it is “the duty of every public officer or authority, and of every body established or recognised by law and of every member thereof, to refrain from recognising in any way, and from doing anything which could imply recognition of, any title of nobility”. A similar duty is imposed in regard to other foreign honours which have not obtained approval by the local authorities. By reason of this ACT, it is therefore legally impossible (an offence?) for any notary to receive an instrument by which somebody can be ‘nominated’ to succeed a title simply because such nomination would be made contrary to law. It therefore reasonable to assert that it is impossible for any ‘possessor’ of the aforesaid title to make use of the faculty to nominate a successor.

It follows that one may disregard any ‘nomination’ purportedly made at any time after 1975, and instead follow the general remainder of the grant.

According to the Code de Rohan of 1783, a primogeniture is a regular individual entail consisting of chattels which devolved from first-born to first-born in the descendental line. It can pass on to collaterals, the determining criteria operating in the following order: line (the first line excluding all the others), degree (the closer degree of relationship excluding the remoter) sex (the male sex being preferred to the female), and age (the elder being preferred to the younger). Accordingly, it follows that regardless of any nominations that may have been made in the meantime, in terms of the grant made out to Diego Antonio Galea Feriol, any succession happening after 1975 should be reckoned in accordance with the primogenial descent from Diego Antonio Galea Feriol.

[4]: The Feudal title of Barone Lemnos 1416;

Granted to: Fra Agostino Lemnos, Bishop in Sicily.

By: Ferdinando I, King of Sicily and Malta

On: 1416 in Messina.

With Remainder to: His brother’s descendants by feudal tenure (Jure Francorum) in perpetuity.

List of Title holders: 

1. Fra Agostino Lemnos, (d. 1440), 1st Barone, succeeded by his nephew.

2. Fra Agostino Lemnos, (d. 1452), 2nd Barone, succeeded by his sister.

3.  Nobile Pina Lemnos Burlo, 3rd Baronessa, succeeded by her daughter.

4. Nobile Giovanna Burlo Busuttil, 4th Baronessa, succeeded by her son.

5. Notary Pietro Busuttil, 5th Barone, (c. 1540), 5th Barone, succeededed by his son.

6. Nobile Giulio Busuttil, 6th Barone,  succeeded by his son.

7. Nobile Mario Busuttil, 7th Barone,  succeeded by his son.

8. Nobile Antonio Busuttil, 8th Barone, (c. 1640), succeeded by his son.

9. Nobile Giulio Busuttil, 9th Barone, (c. 1669), succeeded by his son.

10. Nobile Teodosio Busuttil, 10th Barone, (c. 1721), succeeded by his daughter.

11. Nobile Maddalena Busuttil, 11th Baroness, (c. 1743), succeeded by his daughter.

12. Nobile Generosa Ducoss, 12th Baroness, (c. 1775), merged into the San Marciano fief grant.

[5]: Giuseppe Fabri ancestry.

1. Allegrino Balbi, of Genoa, married to Cepolina, with issue.

1.1. Niccolo Balbi, (c. 1479), married to Ginevra de Loco, with issue.

1.1.1. Bartolomeo Balbi, (c.1500 -1519), married to Filippa Zenoglio, with issue. Niccolo I Balbi, (1506-1549), married to Bettina Mousia, with issue. Caterina Desiata Balbi, (1574), married to Bartolomeo Nicola Moneglia, with issue. Bonaventura Moneglia, married 1626 Valletta to Domenica Ventura, with issue. Teresa Moneglia, married 1654 Valletta, Malta to Claudio Gilibert, with issue. Antonino Gilibert, married 1684 Birkirkara to Domenichina Pace, with issue. Giovanna Gilibert, married 1680 Vittoriosa to Mro Geronimo Fabri, with issue. Giuseppe Fabri, married 1743 Valletta to Agata Gadiman, with issue.

[6]:. The Caravasco family can trace back to Tomaso Granasco of Genoa and his wife Teresa Cumbo, married 1658 Cospicua. Gabriele’s parents Giovanni and Rosa Hever. Rosa Hever, daughter of Domenico Hever sives Axisa and Caterina Mamo.

[7]:. Teresa Putois parents are Giuseppe Pitoies /Putois of Namur, Flanders and Felicita La Grange. Felicitia parents are Jean Joseph La Grange of France and Generosa Picard. Generosa mother was Ninfa Dora Xicluna.

[8]: Notary Salvatore Cordina.

1. Guillem I de Cardona, (1156-1225), Vescomte de Cardona, married with issue.
1.1. Ramon Folc IV de Cardona, (1180-1241), Vescomte de Cardona, married to Agnes de Tarroja, with issue.
1.1.1. Ramon Folc V de Cardona, (1220-1276), Vescomte de Cardona, married to Sibilla d’Ampurias, with issue. Ramon de Cardona, participa en l’expedixio a Scilia de Re Peter II el 1282, Barone di Mazzarone, married to N. Baroness di Mazzarone, with issue. Don Manfredi di Cardona, Signore e Barone di Bamina o Varmina, married (c. 1335) to Vinuta Conti, with issue. Milite Guglielmo di Cardona, (1356 alter maiordomorum nostri hospicii consiliarius), (1358 maiordomus domus regis Sicilie), e ricevette lettera della Regina Eleanora d’Aragona, Fu convocato il 5.1.1361 a prestare servizio militare. Mori in data anteriore al 17.6.1363, quando la vedova Francesca, anche dei figli Federico e Giacomo Cardona, chiese ed ottenne da King Federico IV la concessione del feudo Borgetto (Burgio), dopo la morte di Avinante Lopes de Caparosa senza eredi, in forza del fatto che Guglielmo Cardona aveva concesso in prestito 200 onze a Giacobino padre di Avinate. Il 17.6.1363 il sovrano investi del feudo Borgetto Federico Cardona come primogenito., with issue. Giovanni di Cardona., created Signore di la Guardia 1437., married Betta d’Alagona, with issue. Alfonso di Cardona, moved to Sicily. Raimondo di Cardona. 2nd Signore di la Guardia,  (c.1450), married Imperia Axac., with issue. Giovanni Cardona, 3rd Signore di la Guardia, (c. 1490), with issue.  Pietro Cardona sives Cordina, (Mentionned 1584 By Notary Ferdinando Ciappara), married to Violante Parnis, with issue. Andrea Cordina, married to Caterina N, with issue. Mro Salvatore Cordina, married (1) 1646 Senglea to Caterina Gambigallo, married (2) 1650 Rabat Gozo to Caterina Spiteri, with issue. (Second marriage) Mro Domenico Cordina, married (1) 1682 Matrice Gozo to Maria Zammit, married (2) 1682 Matrice Gozo to Maria Mizzi, married (3) 1706 Matrice Gozo to Orsola Portelli, with issue. Notary Salvatore Cordina, married (1) 1734 Rabat Gozo to Orsola Saliba, married (2) 1755 Valletta to Teresa Zammit, with issue.

[9] – Gaetana Rocchier ancestry.

Giacomo Giacchi Rucchier of France, married 1634 Porto Salvo, Valletta to Gioannella, former wife of Pietro Grima, with issue.

1, Francois Rochier, married 1653 Zebbug to Evangelista La Fornaccia, with issue.

1.1. Gioacchino Rochier, married 1692 Vittoriosa to Gaetana Saliba, with issue.

1.1.1. Francesco Rocchier, married 1727 Porto Salvo, Valletta to Aloisia Portelli, with issue. Gaetana Rocchier, married 1757 Valletta to Francesco Muscat.

[10] – Sir Agostino Portelli K.C.M.G. (1780-1854), 1st President of Borsa, Member of Council  of Government ancestry.

Baldassare Portelli, married 1639 Matrice Gozo to Emilia Aquilina, with issue.
1. Gio Paolo Portelli,  married (1) 1660 Rabat Gozo to Clerica Pace, married (2) 1665 Rabat Gozo to Vittoria Decace, with issue.
1.1. (Second Marriage) Maruzzo Portelli,  married 1694 Valletta to Anne Calleja, with issue.
1.1.1. Gio Maria Portelli, married 22 January 1736 at Luqa to Rosa Zammit, with issue. Notary Michelangelo Portelli, (Sentenced to Death by the French, Later reprieved). Married 10 February 1776 at San Paolo, Valletta to Caterina Debono, with issue. Sir Agostino Portelli K.C.M.G. (1780-1854), 1st President of Borsa, Member of Council  of Government.


[12] – Dr Giovanni Spiridon Bruno JUD ancestry.

Teresa Garroni, married 1669 Vittoriosa to Giacomo Bruno of France, with issue.
1. Dr Domenico Bruno JUD, married 1707 Borgo to Maria Curmi, with issue.
1.1. Dr Giacomo Bruno JUD, married 1756 to Anna Maria Attard, with issue.
1.1.1. Dr Giovanni Spiridon Bruno JUD.
[13] – Emanuele Borg Olivier de Puget ancestry.

 Angelo Borg, married (1) 1604 Birkirkara to N. Borg (d/o Giuseppe), married (2) 1618 Siggiewi to Paolina Callus, with issue.

1. (Second Marriage) Salvatore Borg, married 1678 Valletta to Graziulla Camilleri, with issue.

1.1. Carlo Borg, married 1705 Valletta to Angelica Oliver, with issue.

1.1.1. Fra Salvatore Borg Olivier, Priest, dunm.

1.1.2. Dr Guiseppe Borg Olivier de Puget JUD, married 1734 Balzan to Teresa Gatt, with issue. Gio Carlo Borg Olivier de Puget, married 1754 to Maria Maddalena Mallia-Tabone dei Marchesi di Fiddien, with issue. Emanuele Borg Olivier de Puget.

[14] – Nobile Maria Giuseppina Gatto dei Conti di Beberrua ancestry.

Nobile Luca Gatt, married 1588 to Maddalena Buttigieg, with issue.

1. Nobile Alfonso Gatt, married 1643 to Nobile Maria Cumbo, with issue.

1.1. Nobile Dr Ferdinando Gatt JUD, married 1677 to Francesca Scarpello., with issue.

1.1.1. Nobile Notary Tomaso Gatt, married 1717 Valletta to Rosa Maria Camilleri, with issue. Uditor Francesco Saverio Gatto, married 1751 Rabat Gozo to Maria Angelica Aquilina, with issue. Dr Luigi Maria Gatto, LL.D (1762-1825), 1st Count of Beberrua (Cr:1783), Jurat of Malta 1800., (Had served as commandant of the 1st division of Maltese Militia in 1801, and in command of one of the provincial battalions in 1803, was subsequently appointed inspector of the Maltese Militia forces. Appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment, february 25, 1815 and retired on reduction of the establishment, February 25, 1817 – The Maltese Corps of the British Army 1798-1895, by Major A.G. Chesney), married (1) 1784 to Marianna Dingli., married (2) 1795 to Francesca Saveria Xerri, with issue. (Second Marriage) Nobile Dr Nicolo Gatto LL.D (1800-91), 2nd Count of Beberrua, (by 1883 decision of the Secretary of State for the Colonies) dunm. Dr. Federico Gatto JUD, married to Chiara Mannarino, with issue. Maria Giuseppa Gatto.

[15] – Paolo Testaferrata Abela, Paolo Testaferrata Abela, 3rd Baron Testaferrata of Gomerino.

Nobile Mariano Testaferrata, (1503-71), Patrican of Messina. created 1553, Depositario of the Inquisition, (“Nobilis Marianus Testaferrata civis Victoriosa Civitatis”), married to Maddalena Coremasco Cassia, with issue. 
1. Nobile Antonio Testaferrata, (indicated by Abela as the second son but see footnote below), Patrizio Messina, married 1570 to Nobile Bernardina Abela, (“sorella del Vescovo di Sidonia”), with issue
1.1. Paolo Testaferrata, Patrician of Rome 1590, (“Dottor di leggi, che dal Sacro Senato di Roma fu’ fatto Cittadino, e Patrizio Romano con tutti I suoi discendenti,”), married firstly 1596 to Nobile Marietta Cumbo, married secondly 1606 to Enziona Guevara, with issue. 
1.1.1. (First mariage) Fabritio Testaferrata (c 1598-1674), Patrizio Messina e Roma, married 1655 to Speranza Xara Cagliares(Abela (page 535) gives Fabrizio’s wife as Caterinuzza Cassar but Cassar Desain (page 102) shows that in fact Fabritio was married to Speranza daughter of Pietro Xara and Antonia Cagliares (sister of the Bishop of Malta, Baldassare Cagliares) from whom he had issue Paolo Testaferrata, Patrizio Messina e Roma, (1656-1714 [NOT 1713]), married 1674 to Beatrice Cassia, 9th Baroness of Castel Cicciano , Both Jointly Created Baron and Baroness of Gomerino in 1710 to Beatrice was later granted the title of Most Illustrious and Noble, with issue (see following notes establishing correct annotation of issue). For different sources’ conflicting claims about Paolo’s death in 1713 and 1714. Nobile Fabrizio Testaferrata,  Patrizio Messina e Roma10th Barone of Castel Cicciano, also noted as 2nd Barone of Gomerino, married 1704 to Antonia Cassar-Falsone (died 1711), with issue. Nobile Pietr’Antonio Testaferrata, Patrizio Messina e Roma, Baroncino di Castel Cicciano e Gomerino,  (died 1730), married to Nobile Pulcra Testaferrata, (See below), with issue. Nobile Elisabetta Testaferrata, Patrizia Messina e Roma, (1727-36), d.inf. (illegitimate with Housemaid) Rosalba Alunna di Pier’Antonio Testaferrata, married 1755 Valletta to Francesco Alunno di Colin Erskine, Painter in Rome and Italian women. Clara Testaferrata, 11th Baroness of Castel CiccianoPatrizia Messina e Roma, married 1729 to Nobile Michele Sceberras. Nobile Ercole Martino Testaferrata, Patrizio Messina e Roma, (1684-1748), 2nd Baron of Gomerino (succeeded Beatrice 1737 as per Grand Master’s Decree of 1737)  (cr. 1 May 1737), ALSO 3rd Baron of Gomerino (succeeding Fabrizio in 1744, as per court judgment of 1882), married 1735 to Nobile Veneranda Abela, with issue. Nobile Paolo Testaferrata Abela, Patrizio Messina e Roma, (1736-60),  3rd Barone of Gomerino, married 1752 to Nobile Vincenza Matilda Perdicomati Bologna dei Conti della Catena, with issue.

[16] – Nobile Vincenza Matilda Perdicomati Bologna dei Conti della Catena – Ancestry.

Giovannetto Perdicomati of Rhodes Is, married 1576 to Leonora Cagliola, with issue.

1. Lucrezia Perdicomati, married 1613 Valletta to Giuseppe Giansolem, with issue.

1.1. Francesco Perdicomati, married (1) to Antonia Xerri, married (2) 1635 to Vincenza Bologna,  with issue.

1.1.1. Pietro Perdicomati Bologna, married 1662 to Eugenia Mangion, with issue. Martino Perdicomati-Bologna, married 1692 to Anna Marie Muscat, with issue. Pietro Gaetano Perdicomati Bologna, 1st Count of Catena, (Cr:1745), Unlike the great majority of titles conferred by the Grand Masters, the title of Conte delle Catene, or delli Mori conferred by Grand Master Pinto, by a patent of the 20th January 1745, upon Pietro Gaetano Perdicomati Bologna was specifically conferred so as to further enhance a property already held in entail by the grantee. This title was granted on the 20th January 1745, upon Pietro Gaetano Perdicomati Bologna and his sons, born and to be born, as well as on his heirs and successors, whether relations or strangers. The entail referred to in the relative grant was the agnatial entail founded by Don Alessandro Perdicomati Bologna with a faculty to nominate amongst the male descendants. The following is an extract from the deed of grant:- “Te supradictum Dominum Petrum Cajetanum Perdicomati Bologna tuosque filios jam natos vel nascituros, haeredes et successores primogenitos et etiam extraneos, Comitem et Comites Territorii seu Tenutae delle Catene hodie vero delli Mori appellati, positi in hac Nostra Insula a te et antecesoribus possessi jure pleni dominii et proprietatis, nec non Primogenitura masculinae ordinatae per bon mem canonicum Don Alessandro Perdicomati Bologna… feudum nobilem sub titulo comitis erigimus atque extollimus.”. The entail is described in the footnote below was subject of court litigation. It is to be especially remarked that the terms of ennoblement extend to Perdicomati’s sons, as well as on his heirs and successors, whether relations or strangers and that this title follows the tenure of the territory known as Catene. That is to say, unlike other titles which provide for a remainder in favour of descendants of the relative grantee, succession to this title is to be reckoned according to the possessor of the land who must be a male. This effectively means that the title may be succeeded to by strangers in blood of Pietro Gaetano Perdicomato Bologna. Moreover, the Report observes that the remainder of the above extract favours not only the one of the grantee’s descendants, but the grantees sons (born and to be born) heirs, AND successors (tuosque filios jam natos vel nascituros, haeredes et successores primogenitos et etiam extraneos), meaning that grant may allow to a plurality of claims being founded on the grant dated 1745. This view appears to be reinforced by the grant’s use of the term comitem et comites. See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (Paras. 35-36). On the other hand, the entail referred to above was an indivisible primogenitura and that ulterior succession was to be limited according to a primogenitura favouring males. Therefore although the grant envisages the possibility of a plurality of sons of the grantee, the remainder is effectively restricted only by reason of the indivisible nature of the entail restricted in favour of males. It appears that Pietro Gaetano had only one son, apart from a daughter married to the barone Paolo Testaferrata., married 1717 to Giovanna Fortunata Testaferrata dei Baroni di Gomerino, with issue. Nicolo Perdicomati Bologna, 2nd Count of Catena, married 1745 to Maria Teresa Grech, with issue. Johanna Perdicomati Bologna, (3rd) Countess of Catena, married 1783 to Pietro Paolo Bonici Platamone, and dsp. Maria Angelica Perdicomati Bologna, (4th) Countess of Catena, married 1791 to Paolo Sceberras Testaferrata.

[17] – Conte Anniable Moroni ancestry.

1.Giovanni Moroni, (d. 1412), Consignore del Duca di Milan, Ambass to the Papal States 1386, married to Giovanna Pietrasanta, with issue.

1.1. Bartolomeo Moroni, (d. 1461), created Patrican of Milan, , married (1) to Caterina Homodei, married (2) to Giovanna Birago, with issue.

1.1.1. Giovanni Moroni, (d. 1500), Patrican of Milan, Secretary of the Duke of Milan, married to Anna Fossati, with issue. Girolamo Moroni, (1470 -1529), created 23-11-1513 Conte di Lecco, Commissario Ducal il 13-8-1521, Grand Cancelliere del Ducato di Milan il 18-5-1522, Lieutenant Ducale il 18-5-1522, Duca di Boiano, Signore di Pettorano, la Guardia di Albarello, Collestefano e Fondone il 1528, Avvocato Fiscale, Podesta di Brescia il 28-5-1501, Ambass Milanese, married 1501 to Amabilia Fissinaga, with issue. Giovanni Antonio Moroni, (1505-1539), 1st Conte di Ponte Curone dal 1530, rinuncia a Lecco e a Boiano, perduti (concessione ducale 22-12-1534), conferma imperiale 15-11-1536, Patrican of Milan, Decurione di Milan, Judge della Strade, married to Francesca Berzia. (“Giulio (figlio) naturale legittimato dal padre per concessione di Carlo V imperatore (diploma 5 dicembre1554). Appena ammogliato abito’ per anni 9 presso il fratello di sua moglie Giacomo Antonio Morone figlio di un Antonio, a porta Nuova, parrochia di S. Bartolomeo, presso il monastero dell’Annunciata; indi si trasloco’ sulla piazza di S. Giorgio in palazzo; Piu’ tardi in Milano nel 1581. Aveva sempre conservato il possesso di una terza parte della casa in porta Nuova ereditato dal padre e che lasciava godere allo zio conte Sforza ed al figlio di lui Gerolamo. Alcuni dei suoi figli rimasero in Roma. A lui il padre legava i beni di Niguarda. Da Giulio proviene la linea de’ Moroni di Roma istoria fiorente in quella citta’ in cui vi possedeva fine a non e’ molto un palazzo”) Giulio Moroni (d. 1580 Milan), created Noble of Rome,  Conservatore di Rome nel 1569, 2nd Conte di Ponte Curone, married to Lucia Moroni, with issue. Gerolamo Moroni, Noble of Rome, Conservatore of Rome nel 1590, 3rd & 4th Conte di Ponte Curone, married to Giulia Maria Matuzzi., with issue. Ascanio Moroni, Nobile of Rome, Conservatore of Rome nel 1620, 4th & 5th Conte di Ponte Curone, married with issue. Francesco Moroni, Nobile of Rome, (c. 1660), 5th & 6th Conte di Ponte Curone, married with issue. Annibal Moroni, Patrican of Rome nel 14-1-1746, 6th & 7th Conte di Ponte Curone, Governor of Castel Sant’Angelo, married to Livia dei Conti Buzi, with issue. Michele Moroni, Patrican of Rome, 7th & 8th Conte di Ponte Curone, created Senator of Rome nel 27-9-1768, Conservatore of Rome nel 1789, (died 1794), De Jure 7th Conte di Ponte Curone, married with issue. Laudonia Moroni, married 1786 to Pietro Paolo Testaferrata, 4th Barone di Gomerino. Michele Moroni, (1775 -1858), 7th & 8th Conte di Ponte Curone, Patrican of Rome, Conservatore of Rome nel 1823, married to Donna Laura dei Marchesi del Bufalo, with issue.

[18] – Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro, (1760-1844), 2nd Marchese di San Giorgio Ancestry.

 The title of Marchese di San Giorgio was granted by patent on the 6th September 1778, by Grand Master Rohan, to Carlo Antonio Barbaro without any mention of sons, heirs, and successors of the grantee. The operative part of the patent of creation runs thus:- Tibi Nobile D. Carolo Antonio Barbaro tribuimus, concedimus, et donamus, hujusmodi titulo insignimus ac Marchionem dicti Pheudi Sancti Georgii constituimus et ita nominari posse et debere The aforesaid Marchese Carlo Antonio Barbaro, after the dignity had been conferred upon him, considering that the grant was limited to himself alone, applied to the Grand Master praying that it might at least be extended to his first-born son. Grand Master Rohan, by a rescript dated the 2nd February 1779, acceded to the petitioner’s request in the following terms: Fiat prout petitur. It appears that the Marchese Carlo Antonio Barbaro did not file any other application. In view of this, it follows that Carlo Antonio Barbaro should be listed as the first Marchese di San Giorgio and that his first-born son (Gioacchino Ermolao) should be listed as the second and last Marchese di San Giorgio (1779). In fact, according to the 1878 report, it appears that it was the Marchese Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro, in whose favour only the grant had been extended, applied to the Grand Master for the extension of the title to all of his descendents in perpetuum. His application was complied with by a rescript of the 5th June 1792. See: Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) Thus it follows that enumeration should be as follows: Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro (c 1760-1844), 2nd and last Marchese di San Giorgio (by virtue of a rescript of 1779), 1st Marchese di San Giorgio (by virtue of a rescript of 1792). According to the aforesaid report of 1878, “no proof or document whatsoever” was produced concerning the claim of “Venetian Patrician”. Consequently, this claim was disallowed.

(by virtue of a rescript of 1779), 1st Marchese di San Giorgio (by virtue of a rescript of 1792), According to the 1878 Report, Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro applied to the Grand Master for the extension of the title granted in 1778 and extended in 1779, to all of his descendents in perpetuum. His application was complied with by a rescript of the 5th June 1792. There is clearly no remainder regulating ulterior transmission by the rules of primogeniture. Instead the remainder (made on a rescript) is very wide and extends to all of Gioacchino Barbaro’s descendants. In the other parts of the afore-said Commissioner’s Report, this conclusion is very clear. In fact the Report at paragraphs 41 to 57 says Thus the Marchese Barbaro had requested and obtained that the title should be extended to at least his first born son, who subsequently applied for and obtained a further extension for all his descendents in perpetuum (#59, 60). The Marchese Mallia Tabone had likewise prayed that his title should be made to extend after his death to his male descendents successively, and in default of male issue to his female descendents, and had obtained from the Grand Master an extension in favour of his first born male descendents only (#68). Similarly, the same Report at paragraphs 62-66 says The terms of the grant are similar to those of the preceding patents granted to Barone Azzopardi and to Marchese Barbaro, containing no provision for the descent of the title to sons, heirs, descendents, and successors of the grantee. The two preceding grants, as we have already remarked, were by the same Grand Master taken to be personal, and as such, they were extended on an application of the grantees themselves, either to their first-born son exclusively, or as in the instance of Marchese Barbaro, to all their descendents for ever. See: Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) In view of this, it follows that there is a plurality of Marchesi di San Giorgio, that is to say more than one person enjoying the title at the same time!The question that remains is whether ‘all descendants’ here means exactly what it says or whether there are some principles of interpretation which moderate a wide interpretation, that is to say whether the title of Marchese di San Giorgio as extended in 1792 can in fact be transmitted to females descended from Carlo Antonio Barbaro, or to males claiming from Carlo Antonio Barbaro through a female line. The aforesaid 1878 report answers this question of interpretation where the Commissioners pointed out. The claimant lastly contends that the diploma and the rescript must be extensively construed; for although it is a legal maxim, Privilegia sunt stricte interpretanda, the privileges, however, granted by a sovereign authority, and which do not act to the prejudice of third parties, are susceptible of a wide and liberal interpretation. Although this is admitted by the common opinion of civilians, yet that principle holds good with regard to those privileges which are granted by the sovereign’s mere motion (moto proprio) and not at the request of the party concerned (Jasonii Comment. Quoted by Altograd. Consilia Con. 71, No. 9, 10, 11, and by many other legal writers). Now as a general rule, patents of nobility in Malta were granted by the Grand Masters at the request of the grantee, and it was moreover upon an application by Barone Azzopardi that the rescript of 1778 was issued. It is likewise a settled opinion that, when the patent of creation does not contain the expression motu proprio, the grant is taken to have been made at the request of the party concerned. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (Paras. 41-57). There are many other arguments which militate against construing the 1792 rescript in favour of ‘mere’ females and/or ‘mere’ male descendants claiming through a female line, married 1785 to Nobile Aloisea Clotilda Crispo dei Duchi della Naxos Islands., with issue.

Ancestry –

Paola Giustiniani, married 1582 to Antonio Pietro Gaspare Barbaro, Patrizio Veneto, with issue.

1. Pietro Barbaro (settled in Naples then Malta), Patrican of Venice, married 1631 at Valletta to Nobile Marietta Mancini, with issues.

1.1. Nungio Barbaro, Patrican of Venice married (c. 1650) to Caterina Spataro, with issue.

1.1.1. Francesco Barbaro, Patrican of Venice, married (c. 1680) Margherita di Blasi (daughter of M’Antonio and Tomasina Grillo), with issue. Simone Barbaro, Patrican of Venice, married 1715 San Paolo Valletta to Graziulla Bartolo (daughter of Salvatore and Anna Agius), with issue. Dr Carl Antonio Barbaro LL.D, Patrizio of Venice, 1st Marchese di San Giorgio, (cr:1778-Malta),(1720-98), The title of Marchese di San Giorgio was granted by patent on the 6th September 1778, by Grand Master Rohan, to Carlo Antonio Barbaro without any mention of sons, heirs, and successors of the grantee. The operative part of the patent of creation runs thus:- Tibi Nobile D. Carolo Antonio Barbaro tribuimus, concedimus, et donamus, hujusmodi titulo insignimus ac Marchionem dicti Pheudi Sancti Georgii constituimus et ita nominari posse et debere The aforesaid Marchese Carlo Antonio Barbaro, after the dignity had been conferred upon him, considering that the grant was limited to himself alone, applied to the Grand Master praying that it might at least be extended to his first-born son. Grand Master Rohan, by a rescript dated the 2nd February 1779, acceded to the petitioner’s request in the following terms: Fiat prout petitur. It appears that the Marchese Carlo Antonio Barbaro did not file any other application. In view of this, it follows that Carlo Antonio Barbaro should be listed as the first Marchese di San Giorgio and that his first-born son (Gioacchino Ermolao) should be listed as the second and last Marchese di San Giorgio (1779). In fact, according to the 1878 report, it appears that it was the Marchese Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro, in whose favour only the grant had been extended, applied to the Grand Master for the extension of the title to all of his descendents in perpetuum. His application was complied with by a rescript of the 5th June 1792. See: Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) Thus it follows that enumeration should be as follows: Gioacchino Ermolao Barbaro (c 1760-1844), 2nd and last Marchese di San Giorgio (by virtue of a rescript of 1779), 1st Marchese di San Giorgio (by virtue of a rescript of 1792). According to the aforesaid report of 1878, “no proof or document whatsoever” was produced concerning the claim of “Venetian Patrician”. Consequently, this claim was disallowed. , married 1750 Senglea to Maria Victoria Psaila, with issue.

[19] – Nobile Aloisia Clotilda Crispo dei Duchi della Naxos Ancestry.

1. Marco Sanudo of Venice, married to N. Dandolo, with issue.
1.1. Marco Sanudo, (d. 1227), Duke of Naxos Islands 1207-27., married 1213 to Princess N Lascaris of the Byzantine Empire, with issue.
1.1.1. Angelo Sanudo, (d.1262), Duke of Naxos 1227-62., married to N de Saint-Menehould, with issue. Marco Sanudo, (d. 1303), Duke of Naxos 1262-1303, married to N. Barozzi de la Roche, with issue. Guglielmo Sanudo, (d. 1323), Duke of Naxos 1303- 23., married to N, with issue. Marco Sanudo, Lord of Milos, married to N. Barozzi, with issue. Fiorenza Sanudo, (d. 1437), Lady of Milos, Duchess of Naxos 1383-1437., married to Francesco Crispo, Barone d’Artrogidis, Seigneur de Milos (c 1376), Francesco Crispo was nominated Duke and in 1383 a new dynasty was created, while the one of Sanudo was dying. The fact that Crispo had assassinated the legal ruler didn’t prevent “christian” Europe from recognising him as a Duke. Venice, having as its principle the phrase “semo prima Veneziani e poi Christiani” (First we are Venetians and then Christians) recognising Crispo as a duke, regarding him as an active man, who could defend the dukedom against the Turks. Nicolo Crispo, Regent of the Duchy, (1447-50), married to Princess Valenza Comnenus of Trebisonde, with issue. Francesco II Crispo, Duke of Naxos, (1463), married (1) Gugliema Zeno, Married (2) Petronilla Bembo, with issue. Giovanni III Crispo, Duke of Naxos, (1480-94), married to N.N Morosini, with issue. Francesco III Crispo, Duke of Naxos, (r1500-18), married 1483 to Caterina Loredano, with issue. Giovanni IV Crispo, Duke of Naxos, (1518-64), married to Adriana Gozzadini, with issue. Jacopo IV Crispo, Last Reigning Duke of Naxos, (1564-66), died 1576., married Cecilia Sommaripa, (see above), with issue. Michele Crispo, ‘Claimant of Naxos Is‘, married 1557 to Cecilia Marin, with issue. Lorenza Crispo, . ‘Mistress’ to Francesco I Tocco, Principi di Achaia, with issue. Gio Cristosimo de Crispo, (Moved to Malta ), married 1598 at Birgu, Malta to Petronilla dello Re, with issue. Dr. Gio Andrea Crispo JUD, married 1644 at San Paolo, Valletta, Malta to Speranza Revest, with issue. Dr. Michele Angelo Crispo JUD, married 1676 at San Paolo, Valletta, Malta to Diane Micallef, with issue. Dr. Gio Andrea Crispo JUD, married 1709 at San Domenico, Valletta, 1713 (Matro by Notary Ignazio Debono) to Teresa Verano, with issue. Dr Saverio Crispo JUD, married 1751 Luqa to Anna Rosalia Casha, with issue. Aloisea Crispo, married 1785 to Gioacchino Barbaro, 2nd Marchese di San Giorgio. 
– Francesco I Tocco, Principe di Achaia ancestry:
Leonardo I Tocco (+ post 1381), Signore di Tocco dal 1353, Conte Palatino di Cefalonia e Zante 1357/1379, Duca di Leucadia e Signore di Vonizza dal 1352. married Maddalena, figlia di Manente Buondelmonti e di Lapa Acciaioli (+ post 11-3-1401)  reggente per i figli 1381/1388.
1. Carlo I Tocco (+ 4-7-1429), Duca di Leucade, Conte Palatino di Cefalonia e Zante 1381/1429, occupa Natolico, Angelocastron e Dragomeste nel 1405, occupa Jannina e Arta nel 1418, Despota di Romania (= Signore di Acarnania, Etolia ed Epiro) 1418/1429, occupa Clarentza 1421/1428. Adotta i figli di Leonardo II prima del 1414. married 1388 Francesca Acciaiuoli, Signora di Megara e Sicione, figlia di Neri 1. Duca di Atene e di Agnese Saraceni (+ post 1430), che nel 1430 tiene Leucade e Vonizza con il titolo di ‘Vassilissa Romanorum‘.
1.1. Leonardo II Tocco (* 1375/1376 + post 1414), Conte Palatino di Zante dal 1399 (confermato 1400), occupa Clarentza 1407/1413. married to N.N. (una componente degli Zaccaria di Morea ?)
1.1.1. Carlo II Tocco (+ 10-1448), Conte di Zante dal 1424, Despota di Romania (= dei Romani) 1429/1448,  perde Giannina nel 1430 e sposta la sua residenza ad Arta married to Raimondina Ventimiglia, figlia di Giovanni 1st Marchese di Geraci e di Agata d?Aragona dei Baroni di Caccamo,  reggente per i figli e perde Arta nel 1449 ad opera dei turchi. Leonardo III Tocco (+ Roma [ante 8-]1503), Despota di Romania (= dei Romani) 1448/1479, Conte Palatino di Cefalonia e Zante, Duca di Leucade, Signore di Angelocastron, Vonizza e Varnazza (perde la prima e l’ultima nel 1460 e la seconda nel 1479); nel 1479 fugge dai feudi greci e si rifugia a Napoli, dove viene infeudato di Calimera e Briatico, poi della contea di Monopoli il 1-4-1495, Signore di San Mauro, Barone di Montesarchio dal 1480. Gli venne  riconosciuto dal Re di Napoi il titolo di Despota. married (1) Dubrovnik 1463 Princess Militza Brankovich, figlia di Lazzaro III Despota della Rascia e Imperatore titolare dei Serbia e di Elena Paleologa dei Despoti di Morea (+ 1464); married (2) 1477 Francesca Marzano d’Aragona, figlia di Giovanni Francesco Mariano 3rd Duca di Sessa e di Eleonora d?Aragona (+ post 1493) (ex 1?) Carlo III  Tocco (* 1464 + fine 1518), Despota d’Arta e Conte titolare di Zante. married to Andronica Arianiti Comneno, figlia di Costantino Despota titolare di Macedonia e Signore di Mondovi e di Francesca Paleologo Signora di Refrancore (+ 1544) Leonardo IV Tocco (+ testamento 6-6-1564, ma + post 9-3-1570), Despota titolare di Arta e Conte titolare di Zante. married to Graziola Colli, with issue. Francesco Tocco, (d. 1596), Despota titolare di Arta e Conte titolare di Zante. married to Veronica Malaspina, with issue. Don Leonardo V Tocco, (d.1641), Despota titolare di Arta e Conte titolare di Zante., married 1613 to Francesca Pignatelli dei Signori di San Marco, with issue. Male Line extinct 1888 with the Despota titolare di Arta e Conte titolare di Zante. also Prince of Montemiletto, Pettorano, Duke of Popoli, d’Apice. (Mistress was Lorenza Crispo dei Duchi di Naxos). Giovanni Crisostomo Crispo di ToccoKnight of the Order of St John, married 1598 to Nobile Petronilla dello Re., with issue. (took the surname of Crispo and also claimed as heirs to Naxos island).
[20] -General Alexander von Zimmerman, 2nd Count von Zimmerman.
1. King Louis XIII, b.Fontainebleau 1601, d.St.Germain-en- Laye 1643, b.ur St.Denis; m.1615 to Archducess Anne of Austria (b.Valladolid 1601, d.Paris 1666, bur St.Denis) dau.of King Philip III of Spain 
1.1. Philippe I of France, Duc d’Orleans, d’Anjou, de Valois, de Chartres, de Nemours et de Montpensier, Pr de Joinville, etc . b.St.Germain-en-Laye 1640, d.Chateau de St.Cloud 1701, bur St.Denis; m.1st Paris 1661 Pss Henriette of England (b.Exeter 1644, d.St.Clous 1670, bur St.Denis); m.2d Chalons-sur-Marne 1671 Elizabeth Charlotte, Css Palatine von Simmern (b.Heidelberg 1652, d.St.Cloud 1722, bur St.Denis). He had issue: 
1.1.1. [illegitimate by Leonore N, a doorkeeper at the Palais Royal] Caroline, batarde d’Orleans, b.1688; m. Henri de Charencey, created 1735; Comte de Chavagne, with issue. Leonore de Chavagne, (1724 Nantes – 1746 Paris), married 1740 Nice, France to Alexander Mosset, Comte de Chavagne (d. 1753), with issue. Sofia de Mosset, Comtesse de Chavagne, (1744 Paris – 1792 Paris), married 1760 Paris to Christian Emanule von Zimmermann, (1730-1815), 1st Count Graf von Zimmermann (Cr: 1790-Holy Roman Empire); Adjutant in the Regiment of Swiss Guard he took part in the defence of the Tuileries with his father and uncles; in 1793 served with his father in the “de Zimmermann” regiment of the King of Sardinia, with issue. General Graf Alexander von Zimmermann, 2nd Count von Zimmermann, 4th Comte de Chavagne in France, (1763-1829) , married to Grafin Charlotte Jenison de Walworth, with issue. General Graf Frederick von Zimmermann, (1793-1870), 3rd Count von Zimmermann, 4th and last Comte de Chavagne, dunm. Grafin Caroline von Zimmermann married 1817 to Francesco Crispo Barbaro (c 1794-1847), “2nd Marquis di San Giorgio (1792)”.
[21]- Grafin Charlotte Jenison de Walworth.

John Jenison of Walworth Ireland, married to Elizabeth Sandford.with issue.

  1. Count Franz von Jenison-Walworth (created Count in 1790 by ).1732 – 1799 m: 1758 to Charlotte Smith.  1744 – 1803, with issue.

1.2. Countess Charlotte von Jenison-Walworth, married Graf Alexander von Zimmermann, (see above).

1.2. Count Franz II von Jenison-Walworth (1764 – 28 Apr 1824), married (1) (Annulled) to Charlotte von Cornet, married (2) .29 Jun 1797 to Mary Day Beauclerk, b.20 Aug 1766, d.23 Jul 1851, a descendant of King Charles II of England and Scotland, their descendants:

1.2.1. (Second Marriage) Karl Jenison Count von Walworth (28 Aug 1809-11 Jun 1870); m.1st 5/15 Oct 1838 Jeromia Countess von Schonburg‑Wechselburg (28 Jul 1809-15 Nov 1843); m.2d 9 Jan 1849 Ellen Mitchell (10 Feb 1825-Neuenheim 20 Aug 1883) Duncan Jenison Count von Walworth dsp Emil Jenison Count von Walworth (13 Sep 1853-Nice 10 Jan 1910); m.4 Aug 1900 Baroness Gisela Mikos v.Tarrodhaza (1846-1921), dsp. Anna Jenison Countess von Walworth  (Heidelberg 4 Mar 1851-    ) Maria Jeromia Jenison Countes von Walworth (1 Oct 1854-    ) Louisa Alfreda Jenison Countess von.Walworth (23 Oct 1856-    ) Emilie Jenison, Countess von Walworth, (1858-.. Elisabeth Olga Jenison Countess von.Walworth (18 Aug 1861-Freiburg 5 Nov 1930); m.21 Sep 1886 Heinrich Baron von Seckendorff (Koln 9 May 1846-Villingen, Baden 25 Mar 1918) Eleonore Baroness von.Seckendorff (Konstanz 2 Nov 1887-Bernau 13 Mar 1970); m.Freiburg i.Breisgau 10 Mar 1917 (div 1927) Clemens Sommer (Cottbus 16 Aug 1891-   )

1.2.2. Countess Amelia von Jenison-Walworth (11 Jan 1806-3 Apr 1880); m.15 Jan 1824 Karl Heinrich Alban Count von Schonburg-Forderglauchau (18 Nov 1804-23 Mar 1864), descendants include Princes von Furstenberg; zu Lowenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg;  von Schonburg-Waldenburg;  zur Lippe-Weissenfeld; zu Salm-Horstmar; zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Biron von Kurland, Counts  von Schonburg-Glauchau; von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny, von Tattenbach, Schall-Riaucour; zu Castell-Castell, von Thurn u.Valsassina-Como-Vercelli, and  zu Ortenburg amongst others.. 

1.2.3. Countess Mary Caroline von Jenison Walworth, (1800-.

1.2.4. Countess Charlotte Christine von Jenison Walworth, (1804-..

1.3. Countess Susan von Jenison-Walworth, (1770-), married (1) to Conte Spreti, married (2) 1791 to William Robert Spencer, with issue.

1.3.1. (Second Marriage) Louisa Georgiana Spencer, (1792-1866), married to Edward Canning.

1.3.2. Rt.Rev. Aubrey George Spencer, Bishop of Jamaica, (1795-1872), married 1822 to Eliza Musson, with issue.

1.3.3. William Spencer, (1796-), married 1820 to Frances Garland, with issue.

1.3.4. Harriet Caroline Spencer, (1798-1831), married Count Karl von Westerholt und Gysenberg., with issue. Friedrich‑Heinrich Count von Westerholt u.Gysenberg (20 Jan 1820-8 Aug 1859); m.1 May 1847 Sophia Countess von Stainlein‑Saalenstein Caroline Countess von Westerholt; m. Baron Karg von Bebenburg (d.ante 1870). Maria Anna Countess von Westerholt.

1.3.5. Rt. Rev. George John Trevor Spencer, Bishop of Madras, (d. 1799), married to Harriet Hobson, with issue.

1.3.6. Frederick William Spencer, (1807-).

1.4. Count Rudolf von Jenison Walworth,, (d. 1835)l, married to Henrietta von Speth-Marchthal, with issue.

1.4.1. Countess Wilhelmine von Jenison Walworth, (1810-, married 1829 to Alexander von Zuylen van Nyevelt.

1.4.2. Countess Mathilde von Jenison Walworth, (1812-, married to Maximilian von Speth-Zwiefalten.

1.5. Count Karl Friedrich von Jenison Walworth, (1777 -Wien 1843), married to Katherine von Wernhardt, with issue.

1.5.1. Countess Luisa von Jenison Walworth, (1806-Teplice 1873), married to Karel Kokooowa z Kokoowa.

1.5.2. Count Rudolf von Jenison Walworth, (1811-Graz 1865), married (1) 1840 to Hermine von Friedrichsthal, married (2) 1852 to Gabriele Zois von Edelstein, with issue. (First Marriage) Count Friedrich Jenison, (1842- Uhoice 1914). Count Karl Jenison, (1845-1870). Countess Luise Jenison, (1847-. (Second Marriage) Countess Mary Jenison, (1854- Teplice 1873). Count Rudolp Stephen Jenison, (1856-.